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Turk J Obstet Gynecol. 2019 Jun;16(2):129-132. doi: 10.4274/tjod.galenos.2019.77854. Epub 2019 Jul 3.

An overview of female genital mutilation.

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University of Health Sciences, Etlik Zübeyde Hanım Gynecological Diseases Training and Research Hospital, Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ankara, Turkey.


Female genital mutilation (FGM) includes procedures that intentionally alter or cause injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. To present a case of type III FGM corrected by de-infibulation for treatment of sexual dysfunction. A 31-year-old woman who had FGM reporting unconsummated marriage presented to our clinic clinic. The patient had undergone type III FGM at age 7 in her country. Surgical correction was performed. By de-infibulation, the vaginal and urethral orifices were revealed after incision of scar tissue. The World Health Organization classifies FGM in four types. Type III FGM is narrowing of the vaginal orifice with the creation of a covering seal by cutting and appositioning the labia minora and/or the labia majora, with or without excision of the clitoris (infibulation). De-infibulation surgery is recommended for resolving problems related with sexual dysfunction and child-birth.


Female genital mutilation; infibulation; sexual dysfunction

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of Interest: No conflict of interest was declared by the authors.

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