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Turk J Obstet Gynecol. 2019 Jun;16(2):95-99. doi: 10.4274/tjod.galenos.2019.15564. Epub 2019 Jul 3.

Comparison of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV seropositivity of Syrian and Turkish pregnant women.

Author information

1
Universit of Health Sciences, Kanuni Sultan Süleyman Training and Research Hospital, Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology, İstanbul, Turkey.
2
Kırıkhan State Hospital, Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hatay, Turkey.
3
Esenler Obstetrics and Pediatrics Hospital, Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology, İstanbul, Turkey.

Abstract

Objective:

In this study, we aimed to compare the seroprevalence of hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), and human immunodeficieney viruse (HIV) in Syrian pregnant women and Turkish pregnant women in our hospital.

Materials and Methods:

In our study, a total of 68,169 Turkish pregnant women who received HB surface antigen (HBsAg), HB surface antibody (anti-HBs), HCV antibody (anti-HCV), anti-HIV test, and a total of 11,015 Syrian pregnant patients who received HBsAg, anti-HBs, anti-HCV and anti-HIV tests were examined retrospectively between January 2012 and January-2018 in Universty of Health Sciences Kanuni Sultan Süleyman Training and Research Hospital, Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic.

Results:

In our study, the rates of HBsAg, anti-HCV, and anti-HIV seropositivity were 1.1%, 0.1%, and 0.03% in Syrian pregnant women between 2012 and 2018, respectively. In the other study group, in Turkish pregnant women, HBsAg, anti-HCV, and anti-HIV seropositivity rates for 2012 and 2018 were found as 1.8%, 0.2%, and 0.08%, respectively.

Conclusion:

Although there were no significant differences between the HBsAg, anti-HCV, and anti-HIV results of both groups, the anti-HBs positivity was higher at a significant level in Turkish pregnant women. The reason of the significantly higher anti-HBs positivity levels in pregnant women might stem from the fact that women are vaccinated and controlled regularly due to the policies in this regard in our country.

KEYWORDS:

HIV; Hepatitis B; hepatitis C; pregnancy; seroprevalence

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of Interest: No conflict of interest was declared by the authors.

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