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Clin Neurophysiol. 2019 Sep;130(9):1628-1641. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2019.05.032. Epub 2019 Jul 2.

The seizure onset zone drives state-dependent epileptiform activity in susceptible brain regions.

Author information

1
Surgical Neurology Branch, NINDS, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States.
2
Clinical Epilepsy Section, NINDS, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States.
3
Epilepsy Service and EEG Section, NINDS, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States. Electronic address: sara.inati@nih.gov.
4
Surgical Neurology Branch, NINDS, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States. Electronic address: kareem.zaghloul@nih.gov.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Due to variability in the patterns of propagation of interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs), qualitative definition of the irritative zone has been challenging. Here, we introduce a quantitative approach toward exploration of the dynamics of IED propagation within the irritative zone.

METHODS:

We examined intracranial EEG (iEEG) in nine participants undergoing invasive monitoring for seizure localization. We used an automated IED detector and a community detection algorithm to identify populations of electrodes exhibiting IED activity that co-occur in time, and to group these electrodes into communities.

RESULTS:

Within our algorithmically-identified communities, IED activity in the seizure onset zone (SOZ) tended to lead IED activity in other functionally coupled brain regions. The tendency of pathological activity to arise in the SOZ, and to spread to non-SOZ tissues, was greater in the asleep state.

CONCLUSIONS:

IED activity, and, by extension, the variability observed between the asleep and awake states, is propagated from a core seizure focus to nearby less pathological brain regions.

SIGNIFICANCE:

Using an unsupervised, computational approach, we show that the spread of IED activity through the epilepsy network varies with physiologic state.

KEYWORDS:

Epilepsy networks; Interictal epileptiform discharges; Intracranial EEG; Sleep

PMID:
31325676
PMCID:
PMC6730646
[Available on 2020-09-01]
DOI:
10.1016/j.clinph.2019.05.032

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