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J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc. 2019 Aug 28;20(3):154-164. doi: 10.4274/jtgga.galenos.2019.2019.0061. Epub 2019 Jul 12.

Prognostic factors, survival outcomes, and surgical practices when dealing with uterine sarcomas: 8 years’ clinical experience

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1
Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Acıbadem Kozyatağı Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Acıbadem University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Abstract

Objective:

To determine the clinical and pathologic characteristics, prognostic factors, surgical practice, adjuvant therapies, and survival outcomes of patients with uterine sarcoma diagnosed and treated in our institution.

Material and Methods:

Patients diagnosed and treated for uterine sarcomas at our institution from 2009 to 2017 were retrospectively evaluated. All histologic slides from the specimens underwent a thorough pathologic review by a gynecologic pathologist. The following variables were assessed: age, family history of cancer, smoking status, age of menarche, parity, age at first delivery, related symptoms, clinical staging, histologic type, treatment received, disease-free period, and the time and site of recurrence, as well as treatment of the latter and overall survival.

Results:

Ten patients were diagnosed as having leiomyosarcoma, a further 10 patients had malignant mixed mullerian tumors, and five had endometrial stromal sarcoma; the remaining nine patients had other tumors. At the end of our study, 12 (35.3%) patients were alive and in remission, four (11.8%) were alive with disease, 10 (29.4%) were lost to follow-up, and eight (23.5%) had died. The mean survival time was 80.92 months, and the 2-year survival rate was 75.6%. We found that survival was significantly shorter in the presence of lymph node involvement, residual tumor, and recurrence.

Conclusion:

This study serves to inform physicians about the outcome of various uterine sarcomas that were diagnosed and managed at our center. We found that 35.3% of our patients were alive and in remission, 11.8% were alive with disease, 29.4% were lost to follow-up, and 23.5% of patients died.

KEYWORDS:

sarcoma; survival; Carcinosarcoma; leiomyosarcoma; prognosis

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