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Eur J Hum Genet. 2019 Jun 21. doi: 10.1038/s41431-019-0457-7. [Epub ahead of print]

Small posterior fossa in Chiari I malformation affected families is significantly linked to 1q43-44 and 12q23-24.11 using whole exome sequencing.

Author information

1
Computational and Statistical Genomics Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.
2
Surgical Neurology Branch, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.
3
Neuro-Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.
4
Laboratory of Medical Genetics, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.
5
Department of Genetics, Genomics, and Informatics, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, USA.
6
Department of Neurology and Rehab, Kazan State Medical University, Kazan, Russia.
7
Surgical Neurology Branch, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA. heissj@ninds.nih.gov.

Abstract

The posterior fossa of the cranium contains the cerebellum and brainstem. Processes that reduce the volume of the posterior fossa squeeze the cerebellum and brainstem caudally, resulting in Chiari I malformation (CM1). CM1 causes neck pain, balance issues, decreased motor skills and headaches in those affected. We have posterior fossa measurements and whole exome sequence data on individuals from 7 extended families from Russia that have a family history of CM1. We performed parametric linkage analyses using an autosomal dominant inheritance model with a disease allele frequency of 0.01 and a penetrance of 0.8 for carriers and 0.0 for non-carriers. Variant-based two-point linkage analysis and gene-based linkage analysis was performed. Our results found a genome-wide significant signal on chromosome 1q43-44 (max HLOD = 3.3) in the variant-based analysis and 12q23 (max HLOD = 4.2) in the gene-based analysis. In both cases, the signal was driven by a single (different) family that contained a long, linked haplotype across the region in question. Using functional annotation, we were able to identify several rare nonsynonymous variants that were enriched in each family. The best candidate genes were rs765865412:G>A in MYBPC1 for the 12q haplotype and rs61749963:A>G in COX20 for the 1q haplotype. Good candidate variants in the 1q haplotype were also identified in CEP170 and AKT. Further laboratory work is planned to verify the causality of these genes.

PMID:
31227808
DOI:
10.1038/s41431-019-0457-7

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