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Genome Res. 2019 Jul;29(7):1123-1133. doi: 10.1101/gr.243386.118. Epub 2019 Jun 19.

Nascent chromatin occupancy profiling reveals locus- and factor-specific chromatin maturation dynamics behind the DNA replication fork.

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University Program in Genetics and Genomics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA.
Department of Pharmacology and Cancer Biology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA.


Proper regulation and maintenance of the epigenome is necessary to preserve genome function. However, in every cell division, the epigenetic state is disassembled and then reassembled in the wake of the DNA replication fork. Chromatin restoration on nascent DNA is a complex and regulated process that includes nucleosome assembly and remodeling, deposition of histone variants, and the re-establishment of transcription factor binding. To study the genome-wide dynamics of chromatin restoration behind the DNA replication fork, we developed nascent chromatin occupancy profiles (NCOPs) to comprehensively profile nascent and mature chromatin at nucleotide resolution. Although nascent chromatin is inherently less organized than mature chromatin, we identified locus-specific differences in the kinetics of chromatin maturation that were predicted by the epigenetic landscape, including the histone variant H2AZ, which marked loci with rapid maturation kinetics. The chromatin maturation at origins of DNA replication was dependent on whether the origin underwent initiation or was passively replicated from distal-originating replication forks, suggesting distinct chromatin assembly mechanisms surrounding activated and disassembled prereplicative complexes. Finally, we identified sites that were only occupied transiently by DNA-binding factors following passage of the replication fork, which may provide a mechanism for perturbations of the DNA replication program to shape the regulatory landscape of the genome.

[Available on 2020-01-01]

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