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J Clin Periodontol. 2019 Aug;46(8):855-862. doi: 10.1111/jcpe.13147. Epub 2019 May 24.

Short versus longer implants with osteotome sinus floor elevation for moderately atrophic posterior maxillae: A 1-year randomized clinical trial.

Author information

1
Department of Oral and Maxillo-facial Implantology, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology, School of Medicine, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China.
2
Department of Prosthodontics, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology, School of Medicine, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare the clinical, radiographic outcomes and patient satisfaction of short-6-mm implants and longer implants combined with osteotome sinus floor elevation (OSFE).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Two hundred and twenty-five patients with 225 implants were included and randomly assigned into three groups (each group: 75 implants) using randomizing table method: group 6 mm (6 mm implants alone), group 8 mm + O (8 mm implants + OSFE) and group 10 mm + O (10 mm implants + OSFE). Outcomes measures were as follows: implant survival, complication, resonance frequency analysis measurement, surgical time, bleeding on probing (BOP), pocket probing depth (PPD), modified plaque index (mPI), marginal bone loss (MBL) and patient satisfaction.

RESULTS:

The dropout rate was 3.6% at 1 year. Implant survival rates were 96%, 100% and 100% in group 6 mm, group 8 mm + O and group 10 mm + O, respectively. In group 6 mm, the survival rates of implants with diameter of 4.1 mm were 90% (27/30), while the survival rates of implants with diameter of 4.8 mm were 100% (42/42). The surgical time (min) in group 6 mm was significantly shorter than those in group 8 mm + O and group 10 mm + O (13.6 ± 2.2, 19.4 ± 3.7 and 18.3 ± 4.3, respectively, p = 0.03). No significant differences in ISQ values, BOP, PPD, mPI and MBL were found among three groups. Significant higher value of intra-operative discomfort was found in group 6 mm (p = 0.02).

CONCLUSION:

All treatment options provided acceptable clinical and radiographic results up to 1 year after loading. The current 1-year results must be confirmed by longer follow-ups of at least 5 years.

KEYWORDS:

implant survival; patient satisfaction; short implants; sinus floor elevation

PMID:
31124147
DOI:
10.1111/jcpe.13147

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