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J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 2019 Nov 22;11(4):395-399. doi: 10.4274/jcrpe.galenos.2019.2018.0271. Epub 2019 May 23.

Liver Biochemical Abnormalities in Adolescent Patients with Turner Syndrome

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Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Endocrinology, Chair of Pediatrics, Pediatric Institute, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków
Children’s University Hospital in Kraków



Elevated liver function tests (LFTs) are common in adult Turner syndrome (TS) patients. Data regarding children and adolescents are lacking. To investigate the prevalence of abnormal LFTs in children and adolescents with TS during several years of observation; to evaluate the potential impact of increased body mass index (BMI) and sex hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on LFTs.


The analysis included 100 girls with TS, aged 4-16 years, all of whom were receiving recombinant human growth hormone therapy. A longitudinal study was conducted which included 81 patients.


Mean BMI-standard deviation (SD) score of the subjects was 0.63 (SD: 1.53). Forty-four were being treated with HRT. Elevated LFTs were found in 34% of the patients overall (32% not receiving HRT vs 36% on HRT). The relative risk of increased LFTs was not higher in obese vs normal weight [odds ratio (OR): 0.2; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.1-0.36, p=0.38 vs OR: 0.16; 95% CI: 0.08-0.3, p=0.1]. HRT did not increase the risk of abnormal LFTs activity (OR: 0.8; 95% CI: 0.5-1.2, p=0.37 vs OR: 0.7; 95% CI: 0.4-1.1, p=0.27). During the follow-up period (mean±SD=4.31±0.82 years), no patient developed overt liver disease. There was no significant increase nor decrease of abnormal LFT frequency in the subsequent years of follow up.


Constantly elevated LFTs in TS are common in children and adolescents with TS. However the causes and clinical significance remain unclear. This study suggests that obesity and HRT do not increase the risk of elevated LFTs.


Turner syndrome; children; liver; estrogen

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