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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2019 Jul 5;514(4):1154-1159. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2019.05.072. Epub 2019 May 15.

Intracellular Doppler Spectroscopy detects altered drug response in SKOV3 tumor spheroids with silenced or inhibited P-glycoprotein.

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Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA.
Physics and Astronomy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA.
Animated Dynamics, Inc. 5770 Decatur Blvd A, Indianapolis, IN, 46241, USA.
Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA. Electronic address:


Intracellular Doppler spectroscopy is a form of low-coherence digital holography based upon Doppler detection of scattered light that measures drug response/resistance in tumor spheroids, xenografts, and clinical biopsies. Multidrug resistance (MDR) is one of the main causes of ineffective cancer treatment. One MDR mechanism is mediated by the MDR1 gene that encodes the drug efflux pump P-glycoprotein (Pgp). Overexpression of Pgp in some cancers is associated with poor chemotherapeutic response. This paper uses intracellular Doppler spectroscopy to detect Pgp-mediated changes to drug response in 3D tissues grown from an ovarian cancer cell line (SKOV3). The SKOV3 cell line was incrementally exposed to cisplatin to create a cell line with increased Pgp expression (SKOV3cis). Subsequently, MDR1 in a subset of these cells was silenced in SKOV3cis using shRNA to create a doxycycline inducible, Pgp-silenced cell line (SKOV3cis-sh). A specific Pgp inhibitor, zosuquidar, was used to study the effects of Pgp inhibition on the Doppler spectra. Increased drug sensitivity was observed with Pgp silencing or inhibition as determined by drug IC50s of paclitaxel-response of silenced Pgp and doxorubicin-response of inhibited Pgp, respectively. These results indicate that intracellular Doppler spectroscopy can detect changes in drug response due to silencing or inhibition of a single protein associated with drug resistance with important consequences for personalized medicine.


Biodynamic imaging; Intracellular Doppler; MDR1; P-glycoprotein; Precision medicine; SKOV3; Tumor spheroids

[Available on 2020-07-05]
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