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J Oral Implantol. 2019 Apr 22. doi: 10.1563/aaid-joi-D-18-00157. [Epub ahead of print]

Primary stability of short implants inserted using piezoelectric or drilling systems: an in vitro comparison.

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2 Universita degli Studi di Trieste Research Fellow University Clinical Department of Medical, Surgical and Health Sciences University of Trieste.
3 University of Trieste.
4 University of Udine.
5 University of Trieste.
6 University of Trieste.


The primary objective of the present in vitro study was to evaluate the influence of implant site preparation technique (drills vs. ultrasonic instrumentation) on the primary stability of short dental implants with two different designs inserted in simulated low quality cancellous bone. Eighty implant sites were prepared in custom-made solid rigid polyurethane blocks with two different low cancellous bone densities (5 or 15 pounds per cubic foot, PCF), equally distributed between piezoelectric (Surgysonic Moto, Esacrom, Italy) and conventional drilling techniques. Two short implant systems (Prama and Syra, Sweden & Martina) were tested by inserting 40 fixtures of each system (both 6.0 mm length and 5.0 mm diameter), divided in the four subgroups (drills/5 PCF density; drills/15 PCF density; piezo/5 PCF density; piezo/15 PCF density). Insertion torque (Ncm), implant stability quotient values, removal torque (Ncm) and surgical time were recorded. Data were analyzed by three-way ANOVA and Scheffé's test (α=0.05). With slight variations among the considered dependent variables, overall high primary implant stability was observed across all subgroups. Piezoelectric instrumentation allowed for comparable or slightly superior primary stability in comparison with the drilling procedures in both implant systems. Prama implants group showed the highest mean reverse torque, Syra implants the highest implant stability quotient values. Piezoelectric implant site preparation took prolonged operative time compared to conventional preparation with drills; among the drilling procedures, Syra system requires fewer surgical steps and shorter operative time.


implant site preparation; piezoelectric surgery; polyurethane foam blocks; posterior maxilla; short implants.

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