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Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2019 Apr;23(2 Suppl):145-158. doi: 10.26355/eurrev_201904_17484.

Acute osteomyelitis and septic arthritis in children: a systematic review of systematic reviews.

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1
Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, Italy. a.gigante@univpm.it.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Septic arthritis and osteomyelitis are rare in children, but they are difficult to treat and are associated with a high rate of sequelae. This paper addresses the main clinical issues related to septic arthritis and osteomyelitis by means of a systematic review of systematic reviews.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The major electronic databases were searched for systematic reviews/meta-analyses septic arthritis and osteomyelitis. The papers that fulfilled the inclusion/exclusion criteria were selected.

RESULTS:

There were four systematic reviews on septic arthritis and four on osteomyelitis. Independent assessment of their methodological quality by two reviewers using AMSTAR 2 indicated that its criteria were not consistently followed.

CONCLUSIONS:

Collectively, these works provide strong evidence regarding a large number of issues including classification, epidemiology and risk factors, causative organisms, clinical presentation, laboratory markers, imaging, diagnostic needle aspiration, antibiotic therapy, surgical therapy, and prognosis. A clinical summary based on the best evidence is supplied.

PMID:
30977881
DOI:
10.26355/eurrev_201904_17484
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