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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2019 Mar 15;56(6):533-536.

Depression frequency in premenopausal and postmenopausal women

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Hospital de Gineco Obstetricia No. 4 “Luis Castelazo Ayala”, División de Investigación en Salud. Ciudad de México. México

Abstract

in English, Spanish

Background:

It is known that hormonal changes influences mood, so the woman shows notorious hormonal changes in stages of her life.

Objective:

To determine the difference in the frequency of depression in premenopausal and postmenopausal women.

Methods:

We studied 371 premenopausal and postmenopausal women who didn’t receive hormonal treatment and in which Hamilton depression scale was applied. Descriptive statistics, central tendency and dispersion measures were used. The comparison between the groups was with Student t test, and Chi squared test. Pearson’s correlation analysis was done between age, body mass index and Hamilton scale score. In the postmenopausal women, the time since menopause was also correlated with Hamilton scale score.

Results:

Premenopausal women were predominantly healthy (46.6%). In perimenopausal women predominated minor depression (21.4%) and in postmenopausal women, major depression (59.3%).

Conclusion:

Postmenopausal women more frequently had a higher score than those premenopausal.

KEYWORDS:

Depression; Menopause; Premenopause; Perimenopause; Postmenopause

PMID:
30889341

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