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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2019 Mar 15;56(6):525-532.

Nutritional support strategies in pediatric cancer patients in Mexico

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Universidad de Guadalajara, Instituto de Nutrición Humana, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud. Guadalajara, Jalisco, México

Abstract

in English, Spanish

Background:

Meeting the nutritional needs of pediatric patients on oncology services in low budget public hospitals of Mexico is a continuous challenge, due to its financial resources.

Objective:

To evaluate the effectiveness of a nutritional strategy for children and adolescents with cancer in a public hospital of Mexico, based on a complacency diet.

Methods:

Across-sectional study included 58 children and adolescents (1-18 years old). An assessment of nutritional status was applied and a dietary diary was elaborated for 24 hours with the double weight method.

Results:

43 patients (74.4%) had an adequate nutritional status. The average energy intake was 72.8% and average protein intake 168.3% of the requirements. The hospital meals accounted for 67.5% of the energy intake, 28.5% resulted from snacks and 3.9% from oral nutritional supplements or polymeric smoothies.

Conclusion:

The nutritional strategy based on offering a menu at the request supported by smoothies or oral nutritional supplements and the permission to introduce snacks to the hospital offers convenience and flexibility for meal times and favors the energy intake in hospitalized pediatric oncology patients.

KEYWORDS:

Food Service; Hospital; Energy Intake; Malnutrition; Patient Satisfaction

PMID:
30889340

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