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Angle Orthod. 2019 Mar 18. doi: 10.2319/081118-592.1. [Epub ahead of print]

Predictive values of resonance frequency analysis as a diagnostic tool in palatal implant loss.



To determine the diagnostic value of resonance frequency analysis (RFA) in predicting palatal implant (PI) loss.


RFA values of 32 patients (study center at Mainz and Dresden) were evaluated in a prospective randomized controlled trial addressing clinical performance of two loading concepts on PI (Orthosystem, Straumann, Basel, Switzerland). Group 1: conventional loading after a 12-week healing period vs group 2: immediate loading within one week after insertion. Stability was assessed by RFA after surgical insertion (T1), one week (T2), and 12 weeks (T3) later.


All 32 PI were clinically stable after surgical insertion; 14 PI were loaded conventionally and 18 immediately. One implant in group 1 was lost 6 weeks after insertion. One drop-out was registered in group 2. One false positive and three false negative implant stability quotients (ISQ) were observed. ISQ values of clinically stable PI in group 1 were 67.2 (SD ± 9.5) at T1, 62.3 (SD ± 11.7) at T2, and 68.2 (SD ± 5.5) at T3. Group 2 showed 67.1 (SD ± 11.7) at T1, 65.4 (SD ± 10.4) at T2, and 72.3 (SD ± 5.6) at T3. Differences between groups were not statistically significant for starting time ( P = .88) and change from T1 to T2: 0.08 but were significant from T1 to T3: P = .04; (regression analysis).


RFA had no sensitivity for prediction of stability. General decrease after primary stability and increase with secondary stability gives support for specificity. Within the limits of the study, only the diagnostic value of RFA identifying stable palatal implants could be confirmed.


Palatal implant; Resonance frequency analysis


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