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Front Biosci (Landmark Ed). 2019 Mar 1;24:1050-1059.

C1q contributes to post-stroke angiogenesis via LAIR1-HIF1α-VEGF pathway.

Author information

1
Department of Emergency Medicine, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing University School of Medicine, Nanjing, 210008, P.R. China.
2
Department of Emergency Medicine, the Second People's Hospital of Shenzhen, Shenzhen, 518035, P.R. China.
3
Department of Emergency Medicine, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing University School of Medicine, Nanjing, 210008, P.R. China, jianqian08@gmail.com.

Abstract

Vascular remodeling is a critical event following a stroke. It is a well known fact that  C1q is the first molecule in the complement classical pathway. However, its role in the neovascularization that ocurs after a stroke, remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the effects of C1q on post-stroke angiogeneis in pMCAO rats. We found that increased C1q levels in IBZ enhanced angiogenesis in rats with pMCAO. C1q promoted viability and angiogenic function of RBMECs and HBMECs. Upregualtion of VEGF expression and secretion by C1q was also observed in RBMECs, HBMECs and in IBZ in pMCAO rats. Furthermore, we demonstrated that C1q enhanced angiogenic function of RBMECs through its receptor, LAIR1. The results show that administration of C1q enhanced neovascularization and reduced brain edema after pMCAO in rats. On the basis of these findings, we suggest that C1q plays an important role in post-stroke angiogenesis at least through LAIR- HIF1α-VEGF axis. C1q shows promise as a potential therapeutic candidate for stroke treatment.

PMID:
30844729

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