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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2019 Jan 28;56(5):462-467.

Prevalence of overweight, obesity and history of chronic disease in Mexican students

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Unidad Xochimilco, Licenciatura de Medicina, Departamento de Atención a la Salud. Ciudad de México, México

Abstract

in English, Spanish

Background:

Chronic-degenerative diseases are the main causes of morbidity and mortality in Mexico and are associated with overweight and obesity, which are considered a global epidemic. There is an increased risk of these conditions in patients with family history of chronic-degenerative diseases.

Objective:

To determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity and its association with family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and high blood pressure (HBP) in university students from Mexico City.

Methods:

An observational and prevalence study was designed. It was administered a survey to 1168 university students and their clinical history was used; multivariate analysis was performed to determine association measures (odds ratio) and statistical significance (chi squared).

Results:

Combined prevalence of overweight and obesity was 36.38%, 26.02% for overweight and 10.36% for obesity. The prevalence of parental antecedents of T2DM and HBP was 42.38%; there were no significant differences by sex. The history of chronic disease increased the probability of being overweight and obese. This probability is higher if both parents have T2DM or HBP. The prevalence of T2DM/HBP comorbidity in both parents was low.

Conclusions:

Family history of T2DM and HBP is associated with the combined presence of overweight and obesity, but not differentially. Students whose parents have T2DM and HBP should be monitored to prevent these diseases, especially those who already are overweight and obese.

KEYWORDS:

Obesity; Overweight; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Hypertension; Genetic Predisposition to Disease; Risk Factors

PMID:
30777414
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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