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Sci Rep. 2019 Jan 30;9(1):995. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-37678-1.

Intelectin 3 is dispensable for resistance against a mycobacterial infection in zebrafish (Danio rerio).

Author information

1
Laboratory of Experimental Immunology, BioMediTech Institute and Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
2
Laboratory of Immunoregulation, BioMediTech Institute and Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
3
Laboratory of Protein Dynamics, BioMediTech Institute and Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
4
Department of Dermatology, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland.
5
Laboratory of Experimental Immunology, BioMediTech Institute and Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland. mika.ramet@uta.fi.
6
Department of Pediatrics, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland. mika.ramet@uta.fi.
7
Department of Children and Adolescents, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland. mika.ramet@uta.fi.
8
PEDEGO Research Unit and Medical Research Center Oulu, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland. mika.ramet@uta.fi.

Abstract

Tuberculosis is a multifactorial bacterial disease, which can be modeled in the zebrafish (Danio rerio). Abdominal cavity infection with Mycobacterium marinum, a close relative of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, leads to a granulomatous disease in adult zebrafish, which replicates the different phases of human tuberculosis, including primary infection, latency and spontaneous reactivation. Here, we have carried out a transcriptional analysis of zebrafish challenged with low-dose of M. marinum, and identified intelectin 3 (itln3) among the highly up-regulated genes. In order to clarify the in vivo significance of Itln3 in immunity, we created nonsense itln3 mutant zebrafish by CRISPR/Cas9 mutagenesis and analyzed the outcome of M. marinum infection in both zebrafish embryos and adult fish. The lack of functional itln3 did not affect survival or the mycobacterial burden in the zebrafish. Furthermore, embryonic survival was not affected when another mycobacterial challenge responsive intelectin, itln1, was silenced using morpholinos either in the WT or itln3 mutant fish. In addition, M. marinum infection in dexamethasone-treated adult zebrafish, which have lowered lymphocyte counts, resulted in similar bacterial burden in both WT fish and homozygous itln3 mutants. Collectively, although itln3 expression is induced upon M. marinum infection in zebrafish, it is dispensable for protective mycobacterial immune response.

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