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Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2019 Jan 11;87:226-234. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2019.01.016. [Epub ahead of print]

Interleukin-12 receptor β2 from grass carp: Molecular characterization and its involvement in Aeromonas hydrophila-induced intestinal inflammation.

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School of Biology and Basic Medical Sciences, Soochow University, 199 Ren'ai Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu, 215123, China.
School of Biology and Basic Medical Sciences, Soochow University, 199 Ren'ai Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu, 215123, China. Electronic address:


Interleukin-12 receptor β2 (IL-12Rβ2) is a signaling subunit of heterodimeric receptors for IL-12 and IL-35. It plays important regulatory functions in the development of Th1 cells and in the expression of inflammatory cytokines in mammals and other higher vertebrates. However, little is known about IL-12Rβ2 in teleost fish. In this work, we have cloned and characterized IL-12Rβ2 from grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). The full-length cDNA of grass carp IL-12Rβ2 is 2875 bp, which encodes a mature protein with 741 amino acids. This mature protein contains three fibronectin type III domains, a transmembrane helix, and CXW and WSXWS-like motifs that are characteristic of the type I cytokine receptor family. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that cyprinid fish IL-12Rβ2 formed a single branch, clearly separated from those of other vertebrates. We expressed and purified a recombinant grass carp IL-12Rβ2 protein containing major antigenic regions, which was used to raise a polyclonal antibody. The specificity of the antibody was assessed by Western blotting analysis of whole cell lysates from Escherichia coli cells expressing the recombinant IL-12Rβ2, grass carp intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes, and cultured C. idella kidney cells. To explore the potential regulatory role of IL-12Rβ2 in inflammation, we generated an intestinal inflammation model by anal intubation of fish with Aeromonas hydrophila. Immunohistochemical staining of the inflamed intestines revealed that IL-12Rβ2 expression is consistent with inflammatory cell recruitment during intestinal inflammation. Real-time quantitative PCR revealed that IL-12Rβ2 is widely expressed in normal tissues and is up-regulated in most tissues after infecting with A. hydrophila. We found that IL-12Rβ2, IL-12p35, and interferon-γ were expressed in similar patterns in the intestines during inflammation. Taken together, our results suggest that IL-12Rβ2 is involved in the regulation of intestinal inflammation.


Grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella; Immunohistochemical analysis; Interleukin-12 receptor β2; Intestinal inflammation; Polyclonal antibody


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