Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Genet. 2019 Mar;95(3):427-432. doi: 10.1111/cge.13503.

Variants of the ectodysplasin A1 receptor gene underlying homozygous cases of autosomal recessive hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia.

Author information

1
Center for Ectodermal Dysplasias and Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany.

Abstract

Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a rare genetic condition resulting from defective development of ectodermal derivatives, such as hair, teeth, and sweat glands. Autosomal recessive (AR) forms of HED may be caused by pathogenic variants of the ectodysplasin A1 receptor (EDAR) gene that encodes a receptor involved in the NF-κB signaling pathway. Here, we describe three cases of AR-HED in families of Turkish, Austrian, and German-American origin (with or without known consanguinity). In these cases, two out-of-frame deletions and a pathogenic missense variant of EDAR were found to be disease-causing due to reduced availability of the respective messenger RNA or impaired interaction of the encoded protein with its binding partner leading to diminished signal transduction. The same missense variant, c.1258C>T (p.Arg420Trp), has actually been reported to be restricted to the Icelandic population and to be associated with non-syndromic tooth agenesis but not HED. As our patient has no known relationship to Icelandic individuals and displays a rather severe HED phenotype, we suggest that EDAR-Arg420Trp is a more widespread variant, possibly with variable clinical expressivity.

KEYWORDS:

EDAR; NF-κB; autosomal recessive; hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia

PMID:
30623979
DOI:
10.1111/cge.13503

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center