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J Am Heart Assoc. 2018 Dec 18;7(24):e010345. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.118.010345.

Trends in Utilization of Statin Therapy and Contraindicated Statin Use in HIV--Infected Adults Treated With Antiretroviral Therapy From 2007 Through 2015.

Author information

1
1 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai New York NY.
2
2 University of Alabama at Birmingham AL.

Abstract

Background HIV is associated with an increased risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, which may result in many people living with HIV taking a statin. Some statins are contraindicated with certain antiretroviral therapies ( ART ) and other medications commonly used by HIV -infected patients. Methods and Results We analyzed trends in the use of statins, including contraindicated statins, between 2007 and 2015 among HIV -infected patients aged ≥19 years taking ART who had employer-sponsored or Medicare supplemental health insurance in the Marketscan database (n=186 420). Statin use was identified using pharmacy claims. Contraindicated statin use was defined by a pharmacy claim for HIV protease inhibitors, cobicistat, hepatitis C protease inhibitors, anti-infectives, calcium channel blockers, amiodarone, gemfibrozil, or nefazodone followed by a fill for a contraindicated statin type and dosage within 90 days. The percentage of beneficiaries with HIV taking a statin remained unchanged between 2007 (24.6%) and 2015 (24.7%). Among those taking a statin, the percentage taking a contraindicated statin declined from 16.3% in 2007 to 9.0% in 2014 and then increased to 9.8% in 2015. The proportion of contraindicated statin fills attributable to HIV protease inhibitors declined from 63.9% in 2007 to 51.0% in 2015, while those attributable to cobicistat increased from 0% before 2012 to 20.6% in 2015. Conclusions Changes in ART regimens resulted in a decline in contraindicated statin use from 2007 to 2014, but this favorable trend was attenuated in 2015 because of increased use of cobicistat-containing ART regimens.

KEYWORDS:

HIV; antiretroviral medications; cobicistat; drug interactions; hydroxymethylglutaryl‐CoA reductase inhibitors; protease inhibitors

PMID:
30526249
DOI:
10.1161/JAHA.118.010345
Free PMC Article

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