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Rev Bras Epidemiol. 2018 Nov 29;21(suppl 1):e180003. doi: 10.1590/1980-549720180003.supl.1.

Demand for health services or professionals among Brazilian adolescents according to the National School Health Survey 2015.

[Article in English, Portuguese; Abstract available in Portuguese from the publisher]

Author information

1
Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo - São Paulo (SP), Brasil.
2
Centro Internacional de Pesquisa, A. C. Camargo Cancer Center - São Paulo (SP), Brasil.
3
Departamento de Vigilância de Doenças e Agravos Não Transmissíveis e Promoção da Saúde, Ministério da Saúde - Brasília (DF), Brasil.
4
Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - Belo Horizonte (MG), Brasil.

Abstract

in English, Portuguese

INTRODUCTION:

Knowing the profile of individuals who demand health services or professionals could help in the improvement and reorganization of services. However, this subject is still underexplored among adolescents. This study aimed to describe and identify characteristics related to the demand for health services or professionals by Brazilian students.

METHODS:

Using data from the 2015 National School Health Survey, the prevalence and respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) of the demand for health services or professionals among students were estimated, and Poisson regression adjusted by age and region of residence was used to identify the associated factors.

RESULTS:

More than half of the students demanded for health services or professionals in the last year, with a higher demand among females. The characteristics associated with the outcome were sociodemographic (female, white, private school), family (maternal schooling of 12 years or more, having meals with parents/guardians and parents' knowledge of the adolescent's activities in their free time), risk behaviors (alcohol consumption and sexual intercourse without a condom) and health-related issues (physical violence, wheezing, toothache, hygiene habits, and attitude to one's own weight).

CONCLUSION:

Organizing health services in a way that takes the particularities of this population into account may provide a space to deal with subjects related to the risks to which it is exposed.

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