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Acad Emerg Med. 2019 Sep;26(9):1063-1073. doi: 10.1111/acem.13638. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

2018 Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference: A Workforce Development Research Agenda for Pediatric Care in the Emergency Department.

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Department of Emergency Medicine & Pediatrics, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Rhode Island Hospital/Hasbro Children's Hospital, Providence, RI.
Department of Pediatrics, Ohio University Heritage College of Medicine, Dublin, OH.
Department of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, The Children's Hospital at OU Medical Center, Oklahoma City, OK.
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Francisco-Fresno, Fresno, CA.
Department of Emergency Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford Health Care, Stanford, CA.
International Alliance for Pediatric Stroke, Charlotte, NC.
Morristown Medical Center & Goryeb Children's Hospital, Morristown, NJ.
Departments of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of California at San Diego, Rady Children's Hospital-San Diego, San Diego, CA.
Arizona Emergency Medicine Research Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Institute for Health Services and Outcomes Research, The Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Department of Emergency Medicine, Harbor UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA.


Each year, more than 30 million children visit U.S. emergency departments (EDs). Although the number of pediatric emergency medicine specialists continues to rise, the vast majority of children are cared for in general EDs outside of children's hospitals. The diverse workforce of care providers for children must possess the knowledge, experience, skills, and systemic support necessary to deliver excellent pediatric emergency care. There is a crucial need to understand the factors that drive the professional development and support systems of this diverse workforce. Through the iterative process culminating with the 2018 Academic Emergency Medicine consensus conference, we have identified five key research themes and prioritized a specific research agenda. These themes represent critical gaps in our understanding of the development and maintenance of the pediatric emergency care workforce and allow for a prioritization of future research efforts. Only by more fully understanding the gaps in workforce needs, and the necessary steps to address these gaps, can outcomes be optimized for children in need of emergency care.


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