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J Cell Sci. 2018 Nov 20;131(22). pii: jcs221036. doi: 10.1242/jcs.221036.

GCN5L1 interacts with αTAT1 and RanBP2 to regulate hepatic α-tubulin acetylation and lysosome trafficking.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Mitochondrial Biology and Metabolism, NHLBI, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
2
Proteomics Core, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
3
Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Core, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
4
Department of Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Georg-August-University Göttingen, 37073 Göttingen, Germany.
5
Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA.
6
Laboratory of Mitochondrial Biology and Metabolism, NHLBI, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA sackm@nih.gov.

Abstract

Although GCN5L1 (also known as BLOC1S1) facilitates mitochondrial protein acetylation and controls endosomal-lysosomal trafficking, the mechanisms underpinning these disparate effects are unclear. As microtubule acetylation modulates endosome-lysosome trafficking, we reasoned that exploring the role of GCN5L1 in this biology may enhance our understanding of GCN5L1-mediated protein acetylation. We show that α-tubulin acetylation is reduced in GCN5L1-knockout hepatocytes and restored by GCN5L1 reconstitution. Furthermore, GCN5L1 binds to the α-tubulin acetyltransferase αTAT1, and GCN5L1-mediated α-tubulin acetylation is dependent on αTAT1. Given that cytosolic GCN5L1 has been identified as a component of numerous multiprotein complexes, we explored whether novel interacting partners contribute to this regulation. We identify RanBP2 as a novel interacting partner of GCN5L1 and αTAT1. Genetic silencing of RanBP2 phenocopies GCN5L1 depletion by reducing α-tubulin acetylation, and we find that RanBP2 possesses a tubulin-binding domain, which recruits GCN5L1 to α-tubulin. Finally, we find that genetic depletion of GCN5L1 promotes perinuclear lysosome accumulation and histone deacetylase inhibition partially restores lysosomal positioning. We conclude that the interactions of GCN5L1, RanBP2 and αTAT1 function in concert to control α-tubulin acetylation and may contribute towards the regulation of cellular lysosome positioning. This article has an associated First Person interview with the first author of the paper.

KEYWORDS:

GCN5L1; Lysosome positioning; Microtubule acetylation; Nup358; RanBP2; α-TAT1

PMID:
30333138
PMCID:
PMC6262773
[Available on 2019-11-15]
DOI:
10.1242/jcs.221036
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