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Database (Oxford). 2018 Jan 1;2018. doi: 10.1093/database/bay105.

PVsiRNAdb: a database for plant exclusive virus-derived small interfering RNAs.

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Bioinformatics Laboratory, National Institute of Plant Genome Research, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi, India.


Ribonucleic acids (RNA) interference mechanism has been proved to be an important regulator of both transcriptional and post-transcription controls of gene expression during biotic and abiotic stresses in plants. Virus-derived small interfering RNAs (vsiRNAs) are established components of the RNA silencing mechanism for incurring anti-viral resistance in plants. Some databases like siRNAdb, HIVsirDB and VIRsiRNAdb are available online pertaining to siRNAs as well as vsiRNAs generated during viral infection in humans; however, currently there is a lack of repository for plant exclusive vsiRNAs. We have developed `PVsiRNAdb (', a manually curated plant-exclusive database harboring information related to vsiRNAs found in different virus-infected plants collected by exhaustive data mining of published literature so far. This database contains a total of 322 214 entries and 282 549 unique sequences of vsiRNAs. In PVsiRNAdb, detailed and comprehensive information is available for each vsiRNA sequence. Apart from the core information consisting of plant, tissue, virus name and vsiRNA sequence, additional information of each vsiRNAs (map position, length, coordinates, strand information and predicted structure) may be of high utility to the user. Different types of search and browse modules with three different tools namely BLAST, Smith-Waterman Align and Mapping are provided at PVsiRNAdb. Thus, this database being one of its kind will surely be of much use to molecular biologists for exploring the complex viral genetics and genomics, viral-host interactions and beneficial to the scientific community and can prove to be very advantageous in the field of agriculture for producing viral resistance transgenic crops.

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