Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Chiropr Man Therap. 2018 Sep 24;26:36. doi: 10.1186/s12998-018-0206-y. eCollection 2018.

Physical risk factors for adolescent neck and mid back pain: a systematic review.

Author information

1
1Integrative Spinal Research, Department of Chiropractic Medicine, University Hospital Balgrist, Forchstr. 340, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland.
2
2Department of Health Sciences and Technology, Institute of Human Movement Sciences and Sport, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
3
3Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.

Abstract

Background:

Besides low back pain (LBP), also neck pain (NP) and mid back pain (MBP) are common health issues in adolescence. Psychological factors are regarded as main risk factors for spinal pain in adolescence, but recent studies suggest that the importance of physical factors might be underestimated. The purpose of this study was to summarize the results of studies on physical risk factors for adolescent NP and MBP.

Methods:

Cross-sectional and prospective English studies on NP and MBP in adolescents aged 10 to 18 were searched by a professional librarian in Medline (OvidSP), Premedline (PubMed), EMBASE, Cochrane, CINAHL, PEDro and PsycINFO up to October 2016. Studies that were restricted to self-report via questionnaires were excluded.

Results:

Eight cross-sectional studies could be included in this review. Some aspects of sagittal alignment in sitting (increased lumbar lordosis) and standing (anteroposition of the head, sway-back posture) were associated with NP. Study comparability was impeded by inconsistent definitions of NP and MBP and a wide variety of outcome measures.

Conclusions:

This systematic review indicates that prospective studies using a consistent definition of NP and MBP are needed. Such studies might further investigate sagittal alignment in sitting and standing as possible risk factors for NP and MBP in adolescence using a consistent terminology for the outcomes and longitudinal research designs.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent; Mid back pain; Neck pain; Systematic review

Conflict of interest statement

Not applicable.Not applicable.The authors declare that they have no competing interests.Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Publication type

Publication type

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central Icon for Logan University, MO
Loading ...
Support Center