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Methods Mol Biol. 2018;1865:233-241. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-8784-9_16.

X-FaCT: Xenopus-Fast Clearing Technique.

Author information

1
Tefor Core Facility, Paris-Saclay Institute of Neuroscience, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.
2
Evolution des Régulations Endocriniennes, Département « Adaptation du Vivant », UMR 7221 MNHN/CNRS, Sorbonne Universités, Paris, France.
3
Evolution des Régulations Endocriniennes, Département « Adaptation du Vivant », UMR 7221 MNHN/CNRS, Sorbonne Universités, Paris, France. fini@mnhn.fr.

Abstract

Accessibility and imaging of cell compartments in big specimens are crucial for cellular biological research but also a matter of contention. Confocal imaging and tissue clearing on whole organs allow for 3D imaging of cellular structures after being subjected to in-toto immunohistochemistry. Lately, the passive CLARITY technique (PACT) has been adapted to clear and immunolabel large specimens or individual organs of several aquatic species. We recently demonstrated tissue clearing on one-week old tadpole brain (Fini et al., Sci Rep 7:43786, 2017). We here describe a further simplified version with clearing of small tissue samples (thickness inferior to 500 μm)) carried out by immersion in a fructose-based high-refractive index solution (fbHRI). By refining steps of the protocol, we were able to reduce the overall procedure time by two thirds. This offers the advantages of reducing the time of experimentation to a week and minimizes procedure-induced tissue deformations. This protocol can be easily adapted to be performed on thick section. We present an example of immunohistochemistry performed on NF45 Xenopus laevis brains with anti-pH 3 (phosphorylated histone H3) antibody used to stain chromatin condensation commonly associated with proliferation.

KEYWORDS:

3D imaging; Fructose-based high-refractive index solution; Tissue clearing

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