Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Neurobiol. 2019 Apr;56(4):2524-2541. doi: 10.1007/s12035-018-1244-0. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

Anionic Phospholipids Bind to and Modulate the Activity of Human TRESK Background K+ Channel.

Author information

1
Neurophysiology Lab, Department of Biomedicine, Medical School, Institute of Neurosciences, Universitat de Barcelona, Casanova 143, 08036, Barcelona, Spain.
2
Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), 08036, Barcelona, Spain.
3
Neurophysiology Lab, Department of Biomedicine, Medical School, Institute of Neurosciences, Universitat de Barcelona, Casanova 143, 08036, Barcelona, Spain. xgasull@ub.edu.
4
Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), 08036, Barcelona, Spain. xgasull@ub.edu.

Abstract

The background K+ channel TRESK regulates sensory neuron excitability, and changes in its function/expression contribute to neuronal hyperexcitability after injury/inflammation, making it an attractive therapeutic target for pain-related disorders. Factors that change lipid bilayer composition/properties (including volatile anesthetics, chloroform, chlorpromazine, shear stress, and cell swelling/shrinkage) modify TRESK current, but despite the importance of anionic phospholipids (e.g., PIP2) in the regulation of many ion channels, it remains unknown if membrane lipids affect TRESK function. We describe that both human and rat TRESK contain potential anionic phospholipid binding sites (apbs) in the large cytoplasmic loop, but only the human channel is able to bind to multilamellar vesicles (MLVs), enriched with anionic phospholipids, suggesting an electrostatically mediated interaction. We mapped the apbs to a short stretch of 14 amino acids in the loop, located at the membrane-cytosol interface. Disruption of electrostatic lipid-TRESK interactions inhibited hTRESK currents, while subsequent application of Folch Fraction MLVs or a PIP2 analog activated hTRESK, an effect that was absent in the rat ortholog. Strikingly, channel activation by anionic phospholipids was conferred to rTRESK by replacing the equivalent rat sequence with the human apbs. Finally, in the presence of a calcineurin inhibitor, stimulation of a Gq/11-linked GPCR reduced hTRESK current, revealing a likely inhibitory effect of membrane lipid hydrolysis on hTRESK activity. This novel regulation of hTRESK by anionic phospholipids is a characteristic of the human channel that is not present in rodent orthologs. This must be considered when extrapolating results from animal models and may open the door to the development of novel channel modulators as analgesics.

KEYWORDS:

K2P channels; KCNK; Membrane phospholipids; Neuronal excitability; Nociception

PMID:
30039335
DOI:
10.1007/s12035-018-1244-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center