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Reprod Health. 2018 Jul 5;15(1):121. doi: 10.1186/s12978-018-0559-7.

Impact of female gender and perspectives of pregnancy on admission in residency programs.

Author information

1
Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, St Joseph University, Hotel-Dieu de France Hospital, Adib Ishac Street, Achrafie, Beirut, Lebanon.
2
Faculty of Medicine, St Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon.
3
Oncology Department, St Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon.
4
Medical Education Department, St Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon.
5
Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, St Joseph University, Hotel-Dieu de France Hospital, Adib Ishac Street, Achrafie, Beirut, Lebanon. drkesrouani@gmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Motherhood is a demanding part of any women's life. Female interns could encounter difficulties during selection for residency program according to their plans of conceiving. Our aim is to explore the influence of female gender on the selection process of residency programs.

METHOD:

A cross sectional study was conducted in 2016 at a University Hospital in Beirut, Lebanon. Female residents and chief of departments were interviewed about the impact of the timing of motherhood during residency on the interview for admission. The questionnaire reviewed concerns among female Lebanese medical residents as well as the head of departments revolving around the choice of opting for motherhood and the decision of integrating into a residency program while juggling motherhood responsibilities.

RESULTS:

Eighty nine female residents and 22 head of department agreed to participate in this study. During the interviews for residency acceptance, 29 residents (34.5%) were directly asked about their family and motherhood plans; 9% of them did not reveal their intention. 35% of the residents thought that this subject could affect the program directors' decision. 47% of residents felt that having pregnant colleagues would add to their workload, and almost half of them (46%) believed that pregnant colleagues showed less productivity. 45% of program directors stated that it was an important factor taken into consideration during the interview, and 68% believed that residents tended to choose their specialty according to their life priorities.

CONCLUSION:

Pregnancy during residency training represents major challenges for female residents and their program directors. Rules and laws designed to set a balance between career and personal life are required to improve women's ability to participate equally in the workforce.

KEYWORDS:

Female; Gender; Motherhood; Pregnancy; Program; Residency

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