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G Ital Med Lav Ergon. 2017 Nov;39(2):106-112.

The missing link between human ecology and public health: the case of cancer.

Author information

1
Cancer Registry and Environmental Epidemiology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milano, Italy.
2
Department of Chemistry, Life Sciences and Environmental Sustainability, Università degli Studi di Parma, Parma, Italy.
3
International Society of Doctors for the Environment (ISDE).
4
Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, Occupational Medicine Unit, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Pavia, Italy.
5
Service for Occupational Safety and Prevention, Azienda Sanitaria Locale (ASL), Brescia, Italy.

Abstract

in English, Italian

OBJECTIVES:

The primary role played by the 'ecological context' in clarifying the causes and dynamics of human health and disease is the topic of this article. It emphasizes that the challenging incidence of cancer and other diseases can be charged primarily to the effects of the worldwide dominant economic model.

METHODS:

Human culture may act as a powerful force affecting the environment, biology and health of humans and other species. Human culture can be viewed as a special and extreme case of 'niche construction', where human-specific traits, technologies and beliefs act together.

RESULTS:

The feedback between human activities and the environment can promote different trends in public health. This should provide the opportunity to rethink the consequences that our economic model produces both on the environment and on physical, mental and social health of our species.

KEYWORDS:

cancer; economic model; environment; human ecology

PMID:
29916600
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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