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J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 2018 May 23. doi: 10.4274/jcrpe.0101. [Epub ahead of print]

Perceived Expressed Emotion, Emotional and Behavioral Problems and Self Esteem in Obese Adolescents: A Case-Control Study.

Author information

1
Çanakkale Government Hospital, Clinic of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Çanakkale, Turkey.
2
Uludağ University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Bursa, Turkey.
3
Uludağ University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Bursa, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Obesity is a chronic disease which causes medical and psychiatric complications. Family climate is also a critical factor in the presence and treatment of obesity and comorbid psychiatric disorders. In our study, perceived expressed emotion (EE), psychopathology, self-esteem and emotional and behavioural problems among obese adolescents will be investigated by comparison with their non-obese peers.

METHODS:

This study was carried out with 49 obese adolescents and 47 non-obese adolescents as a control group. All participants were requested to fill out the Socio-demographic Data Form, Shortened Level of Expressed Emotion Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire-Adolescent Form.

RESULTS:

In our study, obese adolescents showed a significant difference in perceived EE (p<0.001), and subscales of EE such as lack of emotional support (p<0.001), intrusiveness (p<0.001), irritability (p<0.001) and self-esteem (p<0.001), emotional and behavioural problems (p<0.001), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (p<0.001), problems in peer relationships (p<0.001), and social skills (p<0.001) when compared with the control group. There is a strong relationship between EE and emotional and behavioural problems and self esteem.

CONCLUSION:

A higher rate of perceived EE, psychopathology and low self-esteem among obese adolescents showed that obesity prevention and treatment are also crucial for mental health in adolescents. With the help of our study results, we aimed to emphasize the role of the family in obese adolescent's mental health and their treatment. By the help of our results we try to identifying risk factors in childhood that promote obesity in order to help develop targeted intervention and prevention programs.

KEYWORDS:

Obesity; expressed emotion psychopathology.; self-esteem

PMID:
29789275
DOI:
10.4274/jcrpe.0101
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