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Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2018 Aug;20(4):634-645. doi: 10.1111/cid.12623. Epub 2018 May 15.

Stability of tapered and parallel-walled dental implants: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Senior Lecturer in Periodontology, Sir John Walsh Research Institute, Department of Oral Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
2
Head of Prosthetic Section, Ras Al-Khaimah Dental Center, Ministry of Health, Ras Al-Khaimah, United Arab Emirates.
3
Professor in Periodontology, Sir John Walsh Research Institute, Department of Oral Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Clinical trials have suggested that dental implants with a tapered configuration have improved stability at placement, allowing immediate placement and/or loading. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the implant stability of tapered dental implants compared to standard parallel-walled dental implants.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Applying the guidelines of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) statement, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were searched for in electronic databases and complemented by hand searching. The risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration's Risk of Bias tool and data were analyzed using statistical software.

RESULTS:

A total of 1199 studies were identified, of which, five trials were included with 336 dental implants in 303 participants. Overall meta-analysis showed that tapered dental implants had higher implant stability values than parallel-walled dental implants at insertion and 8 weeks but the difference was not statistically significant. Tapered dental implants had significantly less marginal bone loss compared to parallel-walled dental implants. No significant differences in implant failure rate were found between tapered and parallel-walled dental implants.

CONCLUSIONS:

There is limited evidence to demonstrate the effectiveness of tapered dental implants in achieving greater implant stability compared to parallel-walled dental implants. Superior short-term results in maintaining peri-implant marginal bone with tapered dental implants are possible. Further properly designed RCTs are required to endorse the supposed advantages of tapered dental implants in immediate loading protocol and other complex clinical scenarios.

KEYWORDS:

dental implants; meta-analysis; resonance frequency analysis; review

PMID:
29761846
DOI:
10.1111/cid.12623

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