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Cell Biosci. 2018 Apr 19;8:31. doi: 10.1186/s13578-018-0231-5. eCollection 2018.

Is adult cardiac regeneration absent in Xenopus laevis yet present in Xenopus tropicalis?

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1
Evolution des Régulations Endocriniennes, Département Adaptation du vivant, UMR CNRS 7221, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France.

Abstract

We recently used an endoscopy-based resection method to explore the consequences of cardiac injury in adult Xenopus laevis, obtaining the result that the adult Xenopus heart is unable to regenerate. At 11 months post-amputation, cellular and biological marks of scarring persisted. We thus concluded that, contrary to urodeles and teleosts, adult anurans share a cardiac injury outcome similar to adult mammals. However, in their work published in this journal on the 13 December 2017, Liao et al. showed that the adult Xenopus tropicalis heart is capable of efficient, almost scar free regeneration, a result at odds with our previous observation. These findings contrast with and challenge the outcome of adult heart repair following injury in Xenopus species. Here we discuss the question of the intrinsic cardiac regenerative properties of an adult heart in anuran amphibians.

KEYWORDS:

Anuran amphibians; Cardiac regeneration; Heart injury; Xenopus laevis; Xenopus tropicalis

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