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AIDS. 2018 Jul 17;32(11):1431-1442. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001817.

A week-48 randomized phase-3 trial of darunavir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide in treatment-naive HIV-1 patients.

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The University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
Department of Infection and Immunity, Royal London Hospital and Queen Mary University, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK.
Southwest CARE Center, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA.
Department of Infectious Diseases, St-Louis Hospital APHP, University of Paris Diderot, Paris, France.
Lluita contra la Sida Foundation, Germans Trias i Pujol University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain.
National Institute for Infectious Diseases, L. Spallanzani IRCCS, Rome, Italy.
Southern California Men's Medical Group, Los Angeles, California, USA.
Montpellier University Hospital, Montpellier, France.
Janssen Pharmaceutica NV, Beerse, Belgium.



To investigate efficacy and safety of a single-tablet regimen of darunavir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (D/C/F/TAF) 800/150/200/10 mg vs. darunavir/cobicistat plus emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxyl fumarate (TDF) (control) in antiretroviral-treatment-naive, HIV-1-infected adults.


Phase-3, randomized, active-controlled, double-blind, international, multicenter, noninferiority study (NCT02431247).


Seven hundred and twenty-five participants were randomized (1 : 1) to D/C/F/TAF (362) or control (363). The primary objective was to demonstrate noninferiority of D/C/F/TAF vs. control for percentage viral load less than 50 copies/ml (FDA-snapshot analysis) at 48 weeks (10% margin).


At week 48, D/C/F/TAF was noninferior to control (91.4 vs. 88.4% achieved viral load <50 copies/ml, respectively; difference 2.7%; 95% CI -1.6 to 7.1; P < 0.0001), with 4.4 vs. 3.3% of patients, respectively, having viral load greater or equal to 50 copies/ml. No treatment-emergent mutations associated with darunavir or TAF/TDF resistance were observed in either group. One patient (D/C/F/TAF) was identified with M184I/V conferring resistance to emtricitabine. Incidences of grades 3 and 4 adverse events (5 vs. 6%), serious adverse events (5 vs. 6%) and adverse event-related discontinuations (2 vs. 4%) were low and similar between groups. Mean decrease in urine protein/creatinine ratio was greater with D/C/F/TAF than control (-22.42 vs. -10.34 mg/g, P = 0.033). Mean percentage change in bone mineral density with D/C/F/TAF vs. control was 0.21 vs. -2.73%, P < 0.0001 (hip), -0.68 vs. -2.38%, P = 0.004 (lumbar spine), and -0.26 vs. -2.97%, P < 0.0001 (femoral neck). Median change from baseline in total cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol ratio was 0.20 vs. 0.08, P = 0.036.


D/C/F/TAF achieved a high virologic suppression rate (91.4%) and was noninferior to darunavir/cobicistat with F/TDF. D/C/F/TAF also demonstrated the bone and renal safety advantages of TAF in combination with darunavir/cobicistat.

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