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Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol. 2018 Aug 1;10(8). pii: a032649. doi: 10.1101/cshperspect.a032649.

Translation Elongation and Recoding in Eukaryotes.

Author information

1
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.
2
Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742.
3
Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205.

Abstract

In this review, we highlight the current understanding of translation elongation and recoding in eukaryotes. In addition to providing an overview of the process, recent advances in our understanding of the role of the factor eIF5A in both translation elongation and termination are discussed. We also highlight mechanisms of translation recoding with a focus on ribosomal frameshifting during elongation. We see that the balance between the basic steps in elongation and the less common recoding events is determined by the kinetics of the different processes as well as by specific sequence determinants.

PMID:
29610120
PMCID:
PMC6071482
DOI:
10.1101/cshperspect.a032649
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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