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Euro Surveill. 2018 Mar;23(11). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2018.23.11.18-00106.

Increased risk of yellow fever infections among unvaccinated European travellers due to ongoing outbreak in Brazil, July 2017 to March 2018.

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European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Stockholm, Sweden.
World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Travellers' Health, Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Prevention Institute, University of Zürich, Switzerland.


Since December 2016, Brazil has faced a large outbreak of yellow fever with ca 1,500 confirmed human cases. In the first 2 months of 2018, Brazil reported almost as many cases as in 2017 as a whole. In these 2 months, five imported cases were reported among unvaccinated European travellers. Three had travelled to Ilha Grande, a popular destination among European tourists. Physicians and European travellers visiting Brazil should follow yellow fever vaccination recommendations.


Brazil; outbreaks; vector-borne infections; viral infections; yellow fever; yellow fever virus

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