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Clin Exp Immunol. 2018 Jul;193(1):130-141. doi: 10.1111/cei.13124. Epub 2018 Apr 1.

A pilot study of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the interleukin-6 receptor and their effects on pre- and post-transplant serum mediator level and outcome after allogeneic stem cell transplantation.

Author information

1
Section for Hematology, Department of Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.
2
Section for Hematology, Institute of Clinical Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
3
Center for Medical Genetics and Molecular Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.
4
Department of Hematology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

Interleukin (IL)-6 is an important regulator of immunity and inflammation in many diseases. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IL-6 gene influence outcome after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (ASCT), but the possible importance of SNPs in the IL-6 receptor has not been examined. We therefore investigated whether SNPs in the IL-6R gene influenced biochemical characteristics and clinical outcomes after ASCT. We examined the IL-6 promoter variant rs1800975 and the IL-6R SNPs rs4453032, rs2228145, rs4129267, rs4845374, rs4329505, rs4845617, rs12083537, rs4845618, rs6698040 and rs4379670 in a 101 population-based cohort of allotransplant recipients and their family donors. Patients being homozygous for the major alleles of the IL-6R SNPs rs2228145 and rs4845618 showed high pretransplant CRP serum levels together with decreased sIL-6R levels; the decreased IL-6R levels persisted 6 months post-transplant. In contrast, patients being homozygous for the minor allele of the IL-6R SNP rs4379670 showed decreased pretransplant CRP levels. Furthermore, the IL-6R rs4845618 donor genotype showed an association with severe acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), whereas the donor genotype of the IL-6 SNP rs1800795 was associated with decreased survival 100 days post-transplant. Finally, the recipient genotype of the IL-6R SNP rs4329505 showed a strong association with 2-years non-relapse mortality, and this effect was also highly significant in multivariate analysis. IL-6 and IL-6R SNPs influence the clinical outcome after allogeneic stem cell transplantation.

KEYWORDS:

acute-phase response; cytokines; graft-versus-host disease; transplantation

PMID:
29513361
PMCID:
PMC6037994
[Available on 2019-07-01]
DOI:
10.1111/cei.13124

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