Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Chest. 2018 May;153(5):1201-1212. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2018.01.048. Epub 2018 Feb 13.

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Comparing Pigtail Catheter and Chest Tube as the Initial Treatment for Pneumothorax.

Author information

1
Center for Evidence-Based Medicine, Department of Medical Education, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.
2
Center for Evidence-Based Medicine, Department of Medical Education, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
3
Center for Evidence-Based Medicine, Department of Medical Education, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Education and Humanities in Medicine, School of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Animal Science and Technology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: chibinmaruko1111@gmail.com.
4
Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The optimal initial treatment approach for pneumothorax remains controversial. This systemic review and meta-analysis investigated the effectiveness of small-bore pigtail catheter (PC) drainage compared with that of large-bore chest tube (LBCT) drainage as the initial treatment approach for all subtypes of pneumothorax.

METHODS:

PubMed and Embase were systematically searched for observational studies and randomized controlled trials published up to October 9, 2017, that compared PC and LBCT as the initial treatment for pneumothorax. The investigative outcomes included success rates, recurrence rates, complication rates, drainage duration, and hospital stay.

RESULTS:

Of the 11 included studies (875 patients), the success rate was similar in the PC (79.84%) and LBCT (82.87%) groups, with a risk ratio of 0.99 (95% CI, 0.93 to 1.05; I2 = 0%). Specifically, PC drainage was associated with a significantly lower complication rate following spontaneous pneumothorax than LBCT drainage (Peto odds ratio: 0.49 [95% CI, 0.28 to 0.85]; I2 = 29%). In the spontaneous subgroup, PC drainage was associated with a significantly shorter drainage duration (mean difference, -1.51 [95% CI, -2.93 to -0.09]) and hospital stay (mean difference: -2.54 [95% CI, -3.16 to -1.92]; P < .001) than the LBCT group.

CONCLUSIONS:

Collectively, results of the meta-analysis suggest PC drainage may be considered as the initial treatment option for patients with primary or secondary spontaneous pneumothorax. Ideally, randomized controlled trials are needed to compare PC vs LBCT among different subgroups of patients with pneumothorax, which may ultimately improve clinical care and management for these patients.

TRIAL REGISTRY:

PROSPERO; No.: CRD42017078481; URL: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/.

KEYWORDS:

chest tube; pigtail; pneumothorax; thoracentesis; thoracostomy

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center