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Eye (Lond). 2018 Jun;32(6):1099-1110. doi: 10.1038/s41433-018-0017-3. Epub 2018 Feb 16.

Improved retinal and visual function following panmacular subthreshold diode micropulse laser for retinitis pigmentosa.

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1
Private practice, 3160 Telegraph Rd, Suite 230, Ventura, 93003, CA, USA. jkluttrull@gmail.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To examine the effect of subthreshold diode micropulse laser (SDM) on pattern electroretinography (PERG) and visual function in retinitis pigmentosa (RP).

METHODS:

The records of all patients (pts) undergoing SDM in a vitreoretinal subspecialty practice were reviewed. Inclusion criteria included the presence of RP evaluated before and after SDM by PERG. As a secondary outcome measure, the results of automated omnifield resolution perimetry (ORP) were also reviewed.

RESULTS:

All eyes undergoing SDM for RP were eligible study, including 26 eyes of 15 pts; seven male and eight female, aged 16-69 (avg. 47) years. Retinal function by PERG improved by all indices, with significant improvements in the 24° field signal latency measures; the MagD(µV)/ Mag(µV) ratio (P < 0.0001) and the MagD(µV) amplitude (P = 0.0003). ORP significantly improved by all indices (p = 0.02-0.002). Average best-corrected chart visual acuities improved from 0.6 to 0.4 logMAR units (p = 0.02). There were no adverse treatment effects.

CONCLUSIONS:

SDM significantly improved chart visual acuity, mesopic logMAR visual acuity perimetry, and retinal function by PERG in RP without adverse treatment effects. Treatment responses indicate a significant capacity for rescue of dysfunctional retina. These results suggest that early and periodic treatment with SDM might slow disease progression and reduce long-term vision loss.

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