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Pharmazie. 2016 Sep 1;71(9):504-509. doi: 10.1691/ph.2016.6712.

A randomized, controlled, double-blind, multi-center trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a liquid containing ivy leaves dry extract (EA 575®) vs. placebo in the treatment of adults with acute cough.

Abstract

This randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial was conducted to assess the efficacy and safety of ivy leaves cough liquid in the treatment of acute cough. A total of 181 adult patients with acute cough were treated with either ivy leaves cough liquid containing EA 575® or with placebo three times a day for one week. The primary efficacy outcome was cough severity (CS) assessed by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) over the whole treatment period (area-under-the-curve (AUC0-168 h) over 7 days (visit (V)1, V2, V3, V4, and V5). The secondary endpoints were defined as the CS assessed by VAS over the whole observation period (V1 - V6) and by Bronchitis Severity Score (BSS) and Verbal Category Descriptive (VCD) score. The evaluation of the VAS, BSS and VCD score revealed that subjects treated with ivy leaves cough liquid showed statistically significant and clinically relevant reductions in CS, severity of symptoms associated with cough and bronchitis compared to the placebo group. Furthermore, a remarkable early onset of efficacy was observed as significant reductions of cough severity were detected within 48 hours after the first drug intake. At all following visits and even 7 days after the end of treatment (V6) this significant treatment advantage was detected in comparison to placebo. All adverse events (AEs) in this clinical trial were non-serious, mild or of moderate severity and not drug-related. This clinical trial proved consistent superiority of the ivy leaves cough liquid treatment versus placebo and confirmed the EA 575® preparation to be a safe and efficacious option for the treatment of acute cough.

PMID:
29441845
DOI:
10.1691/ph.2016.6712
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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