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Br J Anaesth. 2018 Jan;120(1):146-155. doi: 10.1016/j.bja.2017.08.002. Epub 2017 Nov 23.

The surgical safety checklist and patient outcomes after surgery: a prospective observational cohort study, systematic review and meta-analysis.

Collaborators (2648)

Pearse RM, Beattie S, Clavien PA, Demartines N, Fleisher LA, Grocott M, Haddow J, Hoeft A, Holt P, Moreno R, Pritchard N, Rhodes A, Wijeysundera D, Wilson M, Ahmed T, Everingham K, Hewson R, Januszewska M, Phull MK, Halliwell R, Shulman M, Myles P, Schmid W, Hiesmayr M, Wouters P, de Hert S, Lobo S, Fang X, Rasmussen L, Futier E, Biais M, Venara A, Slim K, Sander M, Koulenti D, Arvaniti K, Chan M, Kulkarni A, Chandra S, Tantri A, Geddoa E, Abbas M, Della Rocca G, Sivasakthi D, Mansor M, Luna P, Bouwman A, Buhre W, Beavis V, Campbell D, Short T, Osinaike T, Matos R, Grigoras I, Kirov M, Protsenko D, Biccard B, Aldecoa C, Chew M, Hofer C, Hubner M, Ditai J, Szakmany T, Fleisher L, Ferguson M, MacMahon M, Cherian R, Currow H, Kanathiban K, Gillespie D, Pathmanathan E, Phillips K, Reynolds J, Rowley J, Douglas J, Kerridge R, Garg S, Bennett M, Jain M, Alcock D, Terblanche N, Cotter R, Leslie K, Stewart M, Zingerle N, Clyde A, Hambidge O, Rehak A, Cotterell S, Huynh WBQ, McCulloch T, Ben-Menachem E, Egan T, Cope J, Fellinger P, Haisjackl M, Haselberger S, Holaubek C, Lichtenegger P, Scherz F, Hoffer F, Cakova V, Eichwalder A, Fischbach N, Klug R, Schneider E, Vesely M, Wickenhauser R, Grubmueller KG, Leitgeb M, Lang F, Toro N, Bauer M, Laengle F, Haberl C, Mayrhofer T, Trybus C, Buerkle C, Forstner K, Germann R, Rinoesl H, Schindler E, Trampitsch E, Bogner G, Dankl D, Duenser M, Fritsch G, Gradwohl-Matis I, Hartmann A, Hoelzenbein T, Jaeger T, Landauer F, Lindl G, Lux M, Steindl J, Stundner O, Szabo C, Bidgoli J, Verdoodt H, Forget P, Kahn D, Lois F, Momeni M, Prégardien C, Pospiech A, Steyaert A, Veevaete L, De Kegel D, De Jongh K, Foubert L, Smitz C, Vercauteren M, Poelaert J, Van Mossevelde V, Abeloos J, Bouchez S, Coppens M, De Baerdemaeker L, Deblaere I, De Bruyne A, Fonck K, Heyse B, Jacobs T, Lapage K, Moerman A, Neckebroek M, Parashchanka A, Roels N, Van Den Eynde N, Vandenheuvel M, Limmen J, Vanluchene A, Vanpeteghem C, Wyffels P, Huygens C, Vandenbempt P, Van de Velde M, Dylst D, Janssen B, Schreurs E, Aleixo FB, Candido K, Batista HD, Guimarães M, Guizeline J, Hoffmann J, Lobo FRM, Nascimento V, Nishiyama K, Pazetto L, Souza D, Rodrigues RS, Vilela Dos Santos AM, Jardim J, Sá Malbouisson LM, Silva J, Nascimento Junior PD, Baio TH, Pereira de Castro GI, Watanabe Oliveira HR, Amendola CP, Cardoso G, Ortega D, Brotto AF, De Oliveira MC, Réa-Neto Á, Dias F, Travi ME, Zerman L, Azambuja P, Knibel MF, Martins A, Almeida W, Neto CN, Tardelli MA, Caser E, Machado M, Aguzzoli C, Baldisserotto S, Tabajara FB, Bettega F, Rodrigues Júnior HC, de Gasperi J, Faina L, Nolasco MF, Ferreira da Costa Fischer B, Fosch de Campos Ferreira M, Hartmann C, Kliemann M, Hubert Ribeiro GL, Fraga JM, Netto TM, Pozza LV, Wendling PR, Azevedo C, Garcia J, Lopes M, Maia B, Maselli P, Melo R, Mendes W, Neves M, Ney J, Piras C, Applewhaite C, Carr A, Chow L, Duttchen K, Foglia J, Greene M, Hinther A, Houston K, McCormick TJ, Mikhayel J, Montasser S, Ragan A, Suen A, Woolsey A, Yu HC, Funk D, Kowalski S, Legaspi R, McDonald H, Siddiqui F, Pridham J, Rowe B, Sampson S, Thiessen B, Zbitnew G, Bernard A, George R, Jones P, Moor R, Siddiqui N, Wolfer A, Tran D, Winch D, Dobson G, McCormick T, Montasser O, Hall R, Baghirzada L, Curley G, Dai SY, Hare G, Lee E, Shastri U, Tsui A, Yagnik A, Alvares D, Choi S, Dwyer H, Flores K, McCartney C, Somascanthan P, Carroll J, Pazmino-Canizares J, Wolfer A, Ami N, Chan V, Perlas A, Argue R, Huang Y, Lavis K, Mayson K, Cao Y, Gao H, Hu T, Lv J, Yang J, Yang Y, Zhong Y, Zhou J, Zou X, He M, Li X, Luo D, Wang H, Yu T, Chen L, Wang L, Cai Y, Cao Z, Li Y, Lian J, Sun H, Wang S, Wang Z, Wang K, Zhu Y, Du X, Fan H, Fu Y, Huang L, Huang Y, Hwan H, Luo H, Qu PS, Tao F, Wang Z, Wang G, Wang S, Zhang Y, Zhang X, Chen C, Wang W, Liu Z, Fan L, Tang J, Chen Y, Chen Y, Han Y, Huang C, Liang G, Shen J, Wang J, Yang Q, Zhen J, Zhou H, Chen J, Chen Z, Li X, Meng B, Ye H, Zhang X, Bi Y, Cao J, Guo F, Lin H, Liu Y, Lv M, Shi P, Song X, Sun C, Sun Y, Wang Y, Wang S, Zhang M, Chen R, Hou J, Leng Y, Meng QT, Qian L, Shen ZY, Xia ZY, Xue R, Zhang Y, Zhao B, Zhou XJ, Chen Q, Guo H, Guo Y, Qi Y, Wang Z, Wei J, Zhang W, Zheng L, Bao Q, Chen Y, Chen Y, Fei Y, Hu N, Hu X, Lei M, Li X, Lv X, Miao F, Ouyang L, Qian L, Shen C, Sun Y, Wang Y, Wang D, Wu C, Xu L, Yuan J, Zhang L, Zhang H, Zhang Y, Zhao J, Zhao C, Zhao L, Zheng T, Zhou D, Zhou H, Zhou C, Lu K, Zhao T, He C, Chen H, Chen S, Cheng B, He J, Jin L, Li C, Li H, Pan Y, Shi Y, Wen XH, Wu S, Xie G, Zhang K, Zhao B, Lu X, Chen F, Liang Q, Lin X, Ling Y, Liu G, Tao J, Yang L, Zhou J, Chen F, Cheng Z, Dai H, Feng Y, Hou B, Gong H, Hu CH, Huang H, Huang J, Jiang Z, Li M, Lin J, Liu M, Liu W, Liu Z, Liu Z, Luo F, Ma L, Min J, Shi X, Song Z, Wan X, Xiong Y, Xu L, Yang S, Zhang Q, Zhang H, Zhang H, Zhang X, Zhao L, Zhao W, Zhao W, Zhu X, Bai Y, Chen L, Chen S, Dai Q, Geng W, Han K, He X, Huang L, Ji B, Jia D, Jin S, Li Q, Liang D, Luo S, Lwang L, Mo Y, Pan Y, Qi X, Qian M, Qin J, Ren Y, Shi Y, Wang J, Wang J, Wang L, Xie J, Yan Y, Yao Y, Zhang M, Zhao J, Zhuang X, Ai Y, Du F, He L, Huang L, Li Z, Li H, Li Y, Li L, Meng S, Yuan Y, Zhang E, Zhang J, Zhao S, Ji Z, Pei L, Wang L, Chen C, Dong B, Li J, Miao Z, Mu H, Qin C, Su L, Wen Z, Xie K, Yu Y, Yuan F, Hu X, Zhang Y, Xiao W, Zhu Z, Dai Q, Fu K, Hu R, Hu X, Huang S, Li Y, Liang Y, Yu S, Guo Z, Jing Y, Tang N, Wu J, Yuan D, Zhang R, Zhao X, Li Y, Bai HP, Liu CX, Liu FF, Ren W, Wang XL, Xu GJ, Hu N, Li B, Ou Y, Tang Y, Yao S, Zhang S, Kong CC, Liu B, Wang T, Xiao W, Lu B, Xia Y, Zhou J, Cai F, Chen P, Hu S, Wang H, Xu Q, Hu L, Jing L, Li B, Liu Q, Liu Y, Lu X, Peng ZD, Qiu X, Ren Q, Tong Y, Wang J, Wen Y, Wu Q, Xia J, Xie J, Xiong X, Xu S, Yang T, Ye H, Yin N, Yuan J, Zeng Q, Zhang B, Zheng K, Cang J, Chen S, Fan Y, Fu S, Ge X, Guo B, Huang W, Jiang L, Jiang X, Liu Y, Pan Y, Ren Y, Shan Q, Wang J, Wang F, Wu C, Zhang X, Christiansen IC, Granum SN, Rasmussen BS, Daugaard M, Gambhir R, Brandsborg B, Steingrímsdóttir GE, Jensen-Gadegaard P, Olsen KS, Siegel H, Eskildsen KZ, Gätke MR, Wibrandt I, Heintzelmann SB, Wiborg Lange KH, Lundsgaard RS, Amstrup-Hansen L, Hovendal C, Larsen M, Lenstrup M, Kobborg T, Larsen JR, Pedersen AB, Smith SH, Oestervig RM, Afshari A, Andersen C, Ekelund K, Secher EL, Beloeil H, Lasocki S, Ouattara A, Sineus M, Molliex S, Legouge ML, Wallet F, Tesniere A, Gaudin C, Lehur P, Forsans E, de Rudnicki S, Maudet VS, Mutter D, Sojod G, Ouaissi M, Regimbeau JM, Desbordes J, Comptaer N, Manser DE, Ethgen S, Lebuffe G, Auer P, Härtl C, Deja M, Legashov K, Sonnemann S, Wiegand-Loehnert C, Falk E, Habicher M, Angermair S, Laetsch B, Schmidt K, Von Heymann C, Ramminger A, Jelschen F, Pabel S, Weyland A, Czeslick E, Gille J, Malcharek M, Sablotzki A, Lueke K, Wetzel P, Weimann J, Lenhart FP, Reichle F, Schirmer F, Hüppe M, Klotz K, Nau C, Schön J, Mencke T, Wasmund C, Bankewitz C, Baumgarten G, Fleischer A, Guttenthaler V, Hack Y, Kirchgaessner K, Männer O, Schurig-Urbaniak M, Struck R, van Zyl R, Wittmann M, Goebel U, Harris S, Veit S, Andreadaki E, Souri F, Katsiadramis I, Skoufi A, Vasileiou M, Aimoniotou-Georgiou E, Katsourakis A, Veroniki F, Vlachogianni G, Petra K, Chlorou D, Oloktsidou E, Ourailoglou V, Papapostolou K, Tsaousi G, Daikou P, Dedemadi G, Kalaitzopoulos I, Loumpias C, Bristogiannis S, Dafnios N, Gkiokas G, Kontis E, Kozompoli D, Papailia A, Theodosopoulos T, Bizios C, Koutsikou A, Moustaka A, Plaitakis I, Armaganidis A, Christodoulopoulou T, Lignos M, Theodorakopoulou M, Asimakos A, Ischaki E, Tsagkaraki A, Zakynthinos S, Antoniadou E, Koutelidakis I, Lathyris D, Pozidou I, Voloudakis N, Dalamagka M, Elena G, Chronis C, Manolakaki D, Mosxogiannidis D, Slepova T, Tsakiridou IS, Lampiri C, Vachlioti A, Panagiotakis C, Sfyras D, Tsimpoukas F, Tsirogianni A, Axioti E, Filippopoulos A, Kalliafa E, Kassavetis G, Katralis P, Komnos I, Pilichos G, Ravani I, Totis A, Apagaki E, Efthymiadi A, Kampagiannis N, Paraforou T, Tsioka A, Georgiou G, Vakalos A, Bairaktari A, Charitos E, Markou G, Niforopoulou P, Papakonstantinou N, Tsigou E, Xifara A, Zoulamoglou M, Gkioni P, Karatzas S, Kyparissi A, Mainas E, Papapanagiotou I, Papavasilopoulou T, Fragandreas G, Georgopoulou E, Katsika E, Psarras K, Synekidou E, Verroiotou M, Vetsiou E, Zaimi D, Anagnou A, Apostolou K, Melissopoulou T, Rozenberg T, Tsigris C, Boutsikos G, Kalles V, Kotsalas N, Lavdaiou C, Paikou F, Panagou GL, Spring A, Botis I, Drimala M, Georgakakis G, Kiourtzieva E, Ntouma P, Prionas A, Xouplidis K, Dalampini E, Giannaki C, Iasonidou C, Ioannidis O, Lavrentieva A, Lavrentieva A, Papageorgiou G, Kokkinoy M, Stafylaraki M, Gaitanakis S, Karydakis P, Paltoglou J, Ponireas P, Chaloulis P, Provatidis A, Sousana A, Gardikou VV, Konstantivelli M, Lataniotou O, Lisari E, Margaroni M, Stamatiou K, Nikolaidis E, Pnevmatikos I, Sertaridou E, Andreou A, Arkalaki E, Athanasakis E, Chaniotaki F, Chatzimichali CA, Christofaki M, Dermitzaki D, Fiorentza K, Frantzeskos G, Geromarkaki E, Kafkalaki K, Kalogridaki M, Karydi K, Kokkini S, Kougentakis G, Lefaki T, Lilitsis E, Makatounaki A, Malliotakis P, Michelakis D, Neonaki M, Nyktari V, Palikyra I, Papadakis E, Papaioannou A, Sfakianakis K, Sgouraki M, Souvatzis X, Spartinou A, Stefanidou N, Syrogianni P, Tsagkaraki G, Arnaoutoglou E, Arnaoutoglou C, Bali C, Bouris V, Doumos R, Gkini KP, Kapaktsi C, Koulouras V, Lena A, Lepida D, Michos E, Papadopoulos D, Paschopoulos M, Rompou VA, Siouti I, Tsampalas S, Ververidou O, Zilis G, Charlalampidoy A, Christodoulidis G, Flossos A, Stamoulis K, Chan M, Tsang MSC, Tsang MS, Lai ML, Yip CP, Heymans Chan HM, Law B, Li WS, Chu HM, Koo EGY, Lam CCJ, Cheng KH, Lam T, Chu S, Lam WY, Wong KWK, Kwok D, Hung CYJ, Chan WKJ, Wong WL, Chung CKE, Ma SK, Kaushik S, Shah B, Shah D, Shah S, Ar P, Muthuchellappan R, Agarwal V, Divatia J, Mishra S, Nimje G, Pande S, Savarkar S, Shrivastava A, Thomas M, Yegnaram S, Hidayatullah R, Puar N, Niman S, Indra I, Hamzah Z, Yuliana A, Abidin UN, Dursin AN, Kurnia A, Susanti A, Handayani D, Alit MA, Arya A, Senapathi TGA, Utara UH, Wid WM, Wima S, Wir WM, Jehosua B, Kaunang J, Lantang EY, Najoan R, Waworuntu N, Awad H, Fuad A, Geddoa B, Khalaf AR, Al Hussaini S, Albaj S, Kenber M, Bettinelli A, Spadaro S, AlbertoVolta C, Giancarlo L, Sottosanti V, Copetti E, Spagnesi L, Toretti I, Alloj C, Cardellino S, Carmino L, Costanzo E, Fanfani LC, Novelli MT, Roasio A, Bellandi M, Beretta L, Bignami E, Bocchino S, Cabrini L, Corti D, Landoni G, Meroni R, Moizo E, Monti G, Pintaudi M, Plumari VP, Taddeo D, Testa V, Winterton D, Zangrillo A, Cloro LM, Colangelo C, Colangelo A, Rotunno G, Paludi MA, Maria CP, Pata A, Parrini V, Gatta A, Nastasi M, Tinti C, Baroselli A, Arrigo M, Benevento A, Bottini C, Cannavo' M, Gastaldi C, Marchesi A, Pascazio A, Pata F, Pozzi E, Premoli A, Tessera G, Boschi L, D'Andrea R, Ghignone F, Poggioli G, Sibilio A, Taffurelli M, Ugolini G, Ab Majid MA, Ab Rahman R, Joseph J, Pathan F, Sybil Shah MH, Yap HL, Cheah S, Chin II, Looi JK, Tan SC, Visvalingam S, Kwok FY, Lee CK, Tan TS, Wong SM, Abdullah NH, Liew CF, Luxuman L, Mohd Zin NH, Norddin MF, Raja Alias RL, Wong JY, Yong J, Bin Mustapha MT, Chan WK, Dzulkipli N, Kuan PX, Lee YC, Alias A, Guok EC, Jee CC, Ramon BR, Wong CW, Abd Ghafar FNI, Aziz FZ, Hussain N, Lee HS, Sukawi I, Woon YL, Abd Hadi HZ, Ahmad Azam UA, Alias AH, Kesut SA, Lee JM, Ooi DV, Sulaiman HA, Lih TAT, Veerakumaran J, Rojas E, Resendiz GEA, Zapata DDM, López JCJA, Flores AAA, Amador JCB, Avila EJD, Aquino LPG, Rodriguez RL, Landa MT, Urias E, Hollmann M, Hulst A, Benedikt Preckel OK, Gemert AK, Buise M, Tolenaar N, Weber E, de Fretes J, Houweling P, Ormskerk P, Van Bommel J, Lance M, Smit-Fun V, van Zundert T, Baas P, de Boer HD, Sprakel J, Elferink-Vonk R, Noordzij P, van Zeggeren L, Brand B, Spanjersberg R, Bokkel-Andela JT, Numan S, van Klei W, van Zaane B, Boer C, van Duivenvoorde Y, Hering JP, van Rossum S, Zonneveldt H, Campbell D, Hoare S, Santa S, Ali M, Allen SJ, Beavis V, Bell R, Choi HD, Drake M, Farrell H, Hayes K, Higgie K, Holmes K, Jenkins N, Kim CJ, Kim S, Law KC, McAllister D, Park K, Pedersen K, Pfeifer L, Pozaroszczyk A, Salmond T, Steynor M, Tan M, Waymouth E, Ab Rahman AS, Armstrong J, Dudson R, Jenkins N, Nilakant J, Richard S, Virdi P, Dixon L, Donohue R, Farrow M, Kennedy R, Marissa H, McKellow M, Nicola D, Pascoe R, Roberts SJ, Rowell G, Sumner M, Templer P, Chandrasekharan S, Fulton G, Jammer I, More R, Wilson L, Chang YH, Foley J, Fowler C, Panckhurst J, Sara R, Stapelberg F, Cherrett V, Ganter DL, McCann L, Gilmour F, Lumsden R, Moores M, Olliff S, Sardareva E, Tai J, Wikner M, Wong C, Chaddock M, Czepanski C, McKendry P, Polakovic D, Polakovich D, Robert A, Belda MT, Norton T, Alherz F, Barneto L, Ramirez A, Sayeed A, Smith N, Bennett C, McQuoid S, Jansen TL, Nico Z, Scott J, Freschini D, Freschini A, Hopkins B, Manson L, Stoltz D, Bates A, Davis S, Freeman V, McGaughran L, Williams M, Sharma SB, Burrows T, Byrne K, English D, Johnson R, Manikkam B, Naidoo S, Rumball M, Whittle N, Franks R, Gibson-Lapsley H, Salter R, Walsh D, Cooper R, Perry K, Obobolo A, Sule UM, Ahmad A, Atiku M, Mohammed AD, Sarki AM, Adekola O, Akanmu O, Durodola A, Olukoju O, Raji V, Olajumoke T, Oyebamiji E, Adenekan A, Adetoye A, Faponle F, Olateju S, Owojuyigbe A, Talabi A, Adenike O, Adewale B, Collins N, Ezekiel E, Fatungase OM, Grace A, Sola S, Stella O, Ademola A, Adeolu AA, Adigun T, Akinwale M, Fasina O, Gbolahan O, Idowu O, Olonisakin RP, Osinaike BB, Asudo F, Mshelia D, Abdur-Rahman L, Agodirin O, Bello J, Bolaji B, Oyedepo OO, Ezike H, Iloabachie I, Okonkwo I, Onuora E, Onyeka T, Ugwu I, Umeh F, Alagbe-Briggs O, Dodiyi-Manuel A, Echem R, Obasuyi B, Onajin-Obembe B, Bandeira ME, Martins A, Tomé M, Costa ACMM, Krystopchuk A, Branco T, Esteves S, Melo MA, Monte J, Rua F, Martins I, Pinho-Oliveira VM, Rodrigues CM, Cabral R, Marques S, Rêgo S, Jesus JST, Marques MC, Romao C, Dias S, Santos AM, Alves MJ, Salta C, Cruz S, Duarte C, Paiva AAF, Cabral TDN, Faria E Maia D, Correia da Silva RFM, Langner A, Resendes HO, Soares MDC, Abrunhosa A, Faria F, Miranda L, Pereira H, Serra S, Ionescu D, Margarit S, Mitre C, Vasian H, Manga G, Stefan A, Tomescu D, Filipescu D, Paunescu MA, Stefan M, Stoica R, Gavril L, Pătrășcanu E, Ristescu I, Rusu D, Diaconescu C, Iosep GF, Pulbere D, Ursu I, Balanescu A, Grintescu I, Mirea L, Rentea I, Vartic M, Lupu MN, Stanescu D, Streanga L, Antal O, Hagau N, Patras D, Petrisor C, Tosa F, Tranca S, Copotoiu SM, Ungureanu LL, Harsan CR, Papurica M, Cernea DD, Dragoescu NA, CarmenVaida LA, Ciobotaru OR, Aignatoaie M, Carp CP, Cobzaru I, Mardare O, Purcarin B, Tutunaru V, Ionita V, Arustei M, Codita A, Busuioc M, Chilinciuc I, Ciobanu C, Belciu I, Tincu E, Blaj M, Grosu RM, Sandu G, Bruma D, Corneci D, Dutu M, Krepil A, Copaciu E, Dumitrascu CO, Jemna R, Mihaescu F, Petre R, Tudor C, Ursache E, Kulikov A, Lubnin A, Grigoryev E, Pugachev S, Tolmasov A, Hussain A, Ilyina Y, Roshchina A, Iurin A, Chazova E, Dunay A, Karelov A, Khvedelidze I, Voldaeva O, Belskiy V, Dzhamullaev P, Grishkowez E, Kretov V, Levin V, Molkov A, Puzanov S, Samoilenko A, Tchekulaev A, Tulupova V, Utkin I, Allorto NL, Bishop DG, Builu PM, Cairns C, Dasrath A, de Wet J, Hoedt MD, Grey B, Hayes MP, Küsel BS, Shangase N, Wise R, Cacala S, Farina Z, Govindasamy V, Kruse CH, Lee C, Marais L, Naidoo TD, Rajah C, Rodseth RN, Ryan L, von Rhaden R, Adam S, Alphonsus C, Ameer Y, Anderson F, Basanth S, Bechan S, Bhula C, Biccard BM, Biyase T, Buccimazza I, Cardosa J, Chen J, Daya B, Drummond L, Elabib A, Abdel Goad EH, Goga IE, Goga R, Harrichandparsad R, Hodgson RE, Jordaan J, Kalafatis N, Kampik C, Landers AT, Loots E, Madansein R, Madaree A, Madiba TE, Manzini VT, Mbuyisa M, Moodley R, Msomi M, Mukama I, Naidoo D, Naidoo R, Naidu TK, Ntloko S, Padayachee E, Padayachee L, Phaff M, Pillay B, Pillay D, Pillay L, Ramnarain A, Ramphal SR, Ryan P, Saloojee A, Sebitloane M, Sigcu N, Taylor JL, Torborg A, Visser L, Anderson P, Conradie A, de Swardt M, de Villiers M, Eikman J, Liebenberg R, Mouton J, Paton A, van der Merwe L, Wilscott-Davids C, Barrett WJ, Bester M, de Beer J, Geldenhuys J, Gouws H, Potgieter JH, Strydom M, WilberforceTurton E, Chetty RR, Chirkut S, Cronje L, de Vasconcellos K, Dube NZ, Gama NS, Green GM, Green-Thompson R, Kinoo SM, Kistnasami P, Maharaj K, Moodley MS, Mothae SJ, Naidoo R, Aslam F Noorbhai M, Rughubar V, Reddy J, Singh A, Skinner DL, Smith MJ, Singh B, Misra R, Naidoo M, Ramdharee P, Selibea Y, Sewpersad S, Sham S, Wessels JD, Africander C, Bejia T, Blakemore SP, Botes M, Bunwarie B, Hernandez CB, Jeeraz MA, Legutko DA, Lopez AG, De Meyer JN, Muzenda T, Naidoo N, Patel M, Pentela R, Junge M, Mansoor N, Rademan L, Scislowski P, Seedat I, van den Berg B, van der Merwe D, van Wyk S, Govender K, Naicker D, Ramjee R, Saley M, Kuhn WP, Matos-Puig R, Alberto Lisi ZM, Perez G, Beltran AV, Lozano A, Navarro CD, Duca A, Ernesto EPM, 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Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The surgical safety checklist is widely used to improve the quality of perioperative care. However, clinicians continue to debate the clinical effectiveness of this tool.

METHODS:

Prospective analysis of data from the International Surgical Outcomes Study (ISOS), an international observational study of elective in-patient surgery, accompanied by a systematic review and meta-analysis of published literature. The exposure was surgical safety checklist use. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality and the secondary outcome was postoperative complications. In the ISOS cohort, a multivariable multi-level generalized linear model was used to test associations. To further contextualise these findings, we included the results from the ISOS cohort in a meta-analysis. Results are reported as odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals.

RESULTS:

We included 44 814 patients from 497 hospitals in 27 countries in the ISOS analysis. There were 40 245 (89.8%) patients exposed to the checklist, whilst 7508 (16.8%) sustained ≥1 postoperative complications and 207 (0.5%) died before hospital discharge. Checklist exposure was associated with reduced mortality [odds ratio (OR) 0.49 (0.32-0.77); P<0.01], but no difference in complication rates [OR 1.02 (0.88-1.19); P=0.75]. In a systematic review, we screened 3732 records and identified 11 eligible studies of 453 292 patients including the ISOS cohort. Checklist exposure was associated with both reduced postoperative mortality [OR 0.75 (0.62-0.92); P<0.01; I2=87%] and reduced complication rates [OR 0.73 (0.61-0.88); P<0.01; I2=89%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients exposed to a surgical safety checklist experience better postoperative outcomes, but this could simply reflect wider quality of care in hospitals where checklist use is routine.

KEYWORDS:

cohort studies; operative/mortality; postoperative care/methods; postoperative care/statistics and numerical data; surgery; surgical procedures

PMID:
29397122
DOI:
10.1016/j.bja.2017.08.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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