Send to

Choose Destination
Brain Inj. 2018;32(4):431-441. doi: 10.1080/02699052.2018.1429024. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Patient perspectives on quality and access to healthcare after brain injury.

Author information

a Department of Rehabilitation Medicine , Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai , New York , NY , USA.
b Department of Rehabilitation Medicine , University of Washington , Seattle , WA , USA.
c Department of Neurological Surgery , University of Washington , Seattle , WA , USA.



To gather information about brain injury (BI) survivors' long-term healthcare needs, quality, barriers and facilitators.


Qualitative content analysis of data gathered in focus groups using semi-structured interviews.


Forty-four community-dwelling adults participated at two clinical research centres in Seattle, Washington and New York, New York. Participants were asked open-ended questions about their experiences with healthcare in the community with regard to care needs, utilization, access, barriers and facilitators to health management.


Central themes emerged across three categories: 1) barriers to healthcare access/utilization, 2) facilitators to healthcare access/utilization, and 3) suggestions for improving healthcare after BI. The importance of communication as both a facilitator and barrier to care was mentioned by most participants. Compensatory strategies and external tools were identified as key facilitators of medical self-management. Finally, improving clinicians' knowledge about BI emerged as a potential solution to address health needs of individuals with chronic BI.


Additional efforts need to be made to improve access to appropriate healthcare and increase the ability for individuals to successfully navigate the healthcare system. Findings suggest several specific, low-cost modifications to healthcare delivery and strategies for improving medical self-management that can maximize long-term health maintenance for BI survivors.


Traumatic brain injury; acquired brain injury; chronic health; qualitative research

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center