Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Nutr Diet. 2018 Apr;75(2):151-158. doi: 10.1111/1747-0080.12399. Epub 2018 Jan 4.

Factors associated with fruit and vegetable and total fat intake in university students: A cross-sectional explanatory study.

Author information

1
Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.
2
Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
3
Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
4
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Dietary Exposure Assessment Group, Lyon, France.
5
International Prevention Research Institute (iPRI), Lyon, France.

Abstract

AIM:

This study assessed sociodemographics, general health, personal and environmental factors associated with fruit and vegetable (F&V) and total fat intake in Belgian university students.

METHODS:

In total, 185 students completed a self-reported online questionnaire assessing daily F&V and fat intake, as well as sociodemographic, personal and environmental variables related to F&V and fat intake. Mean F&V and fat consumption were compared with Belgian recommendations. Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with F&V and fat intake.

RESULTS:

Respectively, 90.3 and 50.8% of students failed to meet the recommendations for F&V and fat consumption. Agreeing more with the fact that one should eat F&V on most days of the week (individual subjective norm), finding it less difficult to eat F&V at home or at university (perceived behavioural control) and experiencing more modelling were associated with higher F&V consumption. Increasing age, higher educational level of the father and higher individual subjective norm about eating low-fat foods were associated with lower fat intake.

CONCLUSIONS:

Future interventions aiming to improve dietary intake among university students should focus on younger students with lower socioeconomic status and should enhance students' subjective norm and behavioural control concerning healthy eating.

KEYWORDS:

eating behaviour; fat intake; fruit and vegetable consumption; university students

PMID:
29314564
DOI:
10.1111/1747-0080.12399

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center