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Jpn J Ophthalmol. 2018 Mar;62(2):186-193. doi: 10.1007/s10384-017-0560-7. Epub 2018 Jan 5.

Long-term clinical course of 2 Japanese patients with PRPF31-related retinitis pigmentosa.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1-20-1 Handayama, Hamamatsu-shi, Higashi-ku, Shizuoka, 431-3192, Japan.
2
Department of Ophthalmology, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1-20-1 Handayama, Hamamatsu-shi, Higashi-ku, Shizuoka, 431-3192, Japan. hotta@hama-med.ac.jp.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To assess the long-term clinical course of 2 patients with PRPF31-related retinitis pigmentosa (RP).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

We clinically examined 2 unrelated patients with RP and collected peripheral blood samples from them. Ophthalmic examinations, including best-corrected visual acuity measurements, Goldmann perimetry, full-field electroretinography, fundus autofluorescence imaging, and optical coherence tomography, were also performed. The visual acuity and visual field were continuously monitored. To identify the causative mutations, 74 genes known to cause RP or Leber congenital amaurosis were examined via targeted next-generation sequencing.

RESULTS:

The clinical courses of both patients were similar. The onset of nyctalopia occurred in the first decade. Fundus examination showed typical RP. Although the patients' visual acuity was relatively preserved even into the fourth decade, the visual field area exhibited rapid deterioration in the mid-teens, with severe concentric constriction in the third decade. Mutation analysis revealed PRPF31 mutations as the cause for autosomal dominant RP in both patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

To the best of our knowledge, few reports of long-term observations pertaining to patients with PRPF31-related RP have been published. The findings reported herein, especially those relating to the progressive degeneration of the visual field, may ultimately play a role in the provision of high-quality counseling for patients with this condition.

KEYWORDS:

PRPF31; Retinitis pigmentosa; Visual field; Visual outcome

PMID:
29305715
DOI:
10.1007/s10384-017-0560-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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