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BMC Complement Altern Med. 2018 Jan 3;18(1):2. doi: 10.1186/s12906-017-2071-y.

Shuang-Huang-Lian prevents basophilic granulocyte activation to suppress Th2 immunity.

Author information

1
Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100193, China.
2
Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100193, China. yqi@implad.ac.cn.
3
Research Center for Pharmacology and Toxicology, Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, 151 North Ma Lian Wa Road, Haidian District, Beijing, People's Republic of China. yqi@implad.ac.cn.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Basophilic granulocytes (BGs) not only initiate the induction of Th2 cell differentiation, but also amplify the ongoing Th2 response. Shuang-Huang-Lian (SHL) is clinically used for relieving type I hypersensitivity by continuous treatment for several weeks.

METHODS:

ELISA, flow cytometry, magnetic activated cell sorting, isoelectric precipitation, hybridoma technique, transfection and luciferase reporter assay were used in this study. The statistical analysis was performed using a one-way ANOVA.

RESULTS:

Our recently published study demonstrated that SHL exerted a remarkable effect on mast cell stabilization. Herein, we sought to elucidate the effect of SHL on shrimp tropomyosin (ST)-induced Th2 immunity and its underlying mechanisms. The obtained data showed that continuous treatment with SHL significantly suppressed ST-stimulated Th2-cytokines release and IgE synthesis. A mechanistic study indicated that SHL not only reduced BG early IL-4 release before ST-specific IgE (sIgE) production, but also inhibited BG activation in the presence of sIgE, including suppressing CD200R surface expression and decreasing IL-4 production. Moreover, SHL markedly decreased the cytosolic Ca2+ (Ca2+[c]) level and inhibited the nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) activation in RBL-2H3 cells.

CONCLUSIONS:

Collectively, SHL potently reduces ST-induced Th2 immunity by inhibiting the BG Ca2+-NFAT pathway and, thus, suppressing the early IL-4 release before sIgE synthesis and inhibiting BG activation in the presence of sIgE. This study provides the pharmacological basis for the clinical use of SHL to relieve type I hypersensitivity by a successive dose regimen.

KEYWORDS:

Basophilic granulocytes (BGs); Cytosolic Ca2+ (Ca2+[c]); IL-4; NFAT; Shuang-Huang-Lian (SHL); Th2 immunity

PMID:
29298707
PMCID:
PMC5753509
DOI:
10.1186/s12906-017-2071-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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