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J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2018 Jan;46(1):142-147. doi: 10.1016/j.jcms.2017.11.006. Epub 2017 Nov 11.

Bone autografts & allografts placed simultaneously with dental implants in rabbits.

Author information

1
Universidade Santo Amaro, Department of Implantology, Rua Professor Enéas de Siqueira Neto, 340, Jardim Das Imbuias, São Paulo, SP, CEP 04829-30, Brazil. Electronic address: marna.ribeiro@hotmail.com.
2
Universidade Santo Amaro, Department of Implantology, Rua Professor Enéas de Siqueira Neto, 340, Jardim Das Imbuias, São Paulo, SP, CEP 04829-30, Brazil. Electronic address: ehfraguas@gmail.com.
3
Universidade Santo Amaro, Department of Implantology, Rua Professor Enéas de Siqueira Neto, 340, Jardim Das Imbuias, São Paulo, SP, CEP 04829-30, Brazil. Electronic address: keilailse@hotmail.com.
4
Universidade Santo Amaro, Department of Implantology, Rua Professor Enéas de Siqueira Neto, 340, Jardim Das Imbuias, São Paulo, SP, CEP 04829-30, Brazil. Electronic address: yeon_jungkim@yahoo.com.br.
5
Universidade Santo Amaro, Department of Implantology, Rua Professor Enéas de Siqueira Neto, 340, Jardim Das Imbuias, São Paulo, SP, CEP 04829-30, Brazil. Electronic address: dpallos@netpoint.com.br.
6
Universidade Santo Amaro, Department of Implantology, Rua Professor Enéas de Siqueira Neto, 340, Jardim Das Imbuias, São Paulo, SP, CEP 04829-30, Brazil. Electronic address: wilsen@terra.com.br.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study compared stability, removal torque, bone implant contact (BIC) and area (BA) of implants installed simultaneously with onlay autografts or allografts in rabbits' tibias.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Total of 18 rabbits were used in this study. Fresh frozen allografts were obtained from six animals at T(-6). Two implants with autogenous grafts (Group 1) or allografts (Group 2) were simultaneously inserted into both sides of the tibiae in a vertical periimplant defect model at T0. The resonance frequency (ISQ) was measured in implant proximal epiphysis on the day of installation of T0 and T18 (18 weeks post-surgery). At T18 the removal torque was assessed at the distal implants, the implants' proximal epiphysis and surrounding bone were harvested to perform histomorphometric analysis. The BIC and BA within the limits of the implants threads were evaluated.

RESULTS:

The ISQ revealed a statistically significant difference between T0 and T18 in each group (p = 0.024, p = 0.003). The removal torque indicates that there was no significant difference between the two groups (p = 0.47). No significant differences were observed between the groups regarding both BIC (p = 0.3713) and the BA (p = 0.3883).

CONCLUSION:

Both grafts and implants demonstrated the same stability, torque removal and the BIC and BA.

KEYWORDS:

Allografts; Bone banks; Dental implants; Osseointegration

PMID:
29198577
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcms.2017.11.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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