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World Neurosurg. 2018 Jan;109:e807-e811. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2017.10.093. Epub 2017 Oct 26.

Evaluation of Problem- and Simulator-Based Learning in Lumbar Puncture in Adult Neurology Residency Training.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, PLA Navy General Hospital, Beijing, China. Electronic address: sunchenjing83@hotmail.com.
2
Department of Neurology, PLA Navy General Hospital, Beijing, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Lumbar puncture (LP) is an essential part of adult neurology residency training. Technologic as well as nontechnologic training is needed. However, current assessment tools mostly focus on the technologic aspects of LP. We propose a training method-problem- and simulator-based learning (PSBL)-in LP residency training to develop overall skills of neurology residents.

METHODS:

We enrolled 60 neurology postgraduate-year-1 residents from our standardized residents training center and randomly divided them into 2 groups: traditional teaching group and PSBL group. After training, we assessed the extent that the residents were ready to perform LP and tracked successful LPs performed by the residents. We then asked residents to complete questionnaires about the training models. Performance scores and the results of questionnaires were compared between the 2 groups.

RESULTS:

Students and faculty concluded that PSBL provided a more effective learning experience than the traditional teaching model. Although no statistical difference was found in the pretest, posttest, and improvement rate scores between the 2 groups, based on questionnaire scores and number of successful LPs after training, the PSBL group showed a statistically significant improvement compared with the traditional group. Findings indicated that nontechnical elements, such as planning before the procedure and controlling uncertainties during the procedure, are more crucial than technical elements.

CONCLUSIONS:

Compared with traditional teaching model, PSBL for LP training can develop overall surgical skills, including technical and nontechnical elements, improving performance. Residents in the PSBL group were more confident and effective in performing LP.

KEYWORDS:

Adult neurology residency training; Medical education; Problem- and simulator-based learning

PMID:
29107161
DOI:
10.1016/j.wneu.2017.10.093
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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