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J Dent. 2017 Dec;67:94-101. doi: 10.1016/j.jdent.2017.10.004. Epub 2017 Oct 12.

Comparison of deproteinization agents on bonding to developmentally hypomineralized enamel.

Author information

1
Paediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, 34-Hospital Road, Sai Ying Pun, Hong Kong, China. Electronic address: drmani@hku.hk.
2
School of Dentistry, The University of Western Australia, 17-Monash Avenue, Nedlands, Western Australia 6009, Australia. Electronic address: robert.anthonappa@uwa.edu.au.
3
Research postgraduate student, Endodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, 34-Hospital road, Sai Ying Pun, Hong Kong, China. Electronic address: govindoolsharas@gmail.com.
4
Paediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, 34-Hospital Road, Sai Ying Pun, Hong Kong, China. Electronic address: ckyyiu@hkucc.hku.hk.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare bonding of dental adhesive to hypomineralized enamel (HE) after pre-treatment with either 5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solution or papain-based papacarie gel.

METHODS:

Normal enamel (NE) and HE obtained from hypomineralized first permanent molars were acid-etched with 32% phosphoric acid and randomly allocated into no deproteinization, deproteinization using 5% NaOCl, or deproteinization usping papacarie gel groups. Subsequently, the specimens were bonded, packed with composite resins and subjected to micro-shear bond strength (MSBS) testing and the data analysed using 2-way ANOVA and Tukey tests. Furthermore, specimens from all groups were subjected for qualitative analysis using scanning electron microscope.

RESULTS:

Two way-ANOVA showed that the factor "enamel substrate" was significant (p<0.001), "enamel pre-treatment" was not significant and interaction of the two factors was significant (p=0.005). HE produced inferior bonding with dental adhesive compared to NE. Enamel pre-treatment with deproteinization agents enhanced bonding to HE. No significant difference in MSBS was evident between the two deproteinization agents (p>0.05). Qualitative analysis of acid-etched moderate HE showed barely visible enamel rods with irregular etching pattern. Following acid etching and deproteinization, Type I and II etching patterns were observed in moderate HE; while a porous enamel surface with more profound etching patterns in severe HE.

CONCLUSIONS:

Papain-based papacarie could be an alternative deproteinization agent for bonding dental adhesive to HE.

CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE:

Papain-based papacarie, a natural deproteinization agent and a proven chemo-mechanical caries removal agent could be an alternative to NaOCl for enhancement of bond durability of adhesive restorations to HE.

KEYWORDS:

Bonding; Dental adhesive; Deproteinization; Hypomineralized enamel; Papacarie; Sodium hypochlorite

PMID:
29031995
DOI:
10.1016/j.jdent.2017.10.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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