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Cell. 2017 Oct 5;171(2):287-304.e15. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2017.09.030.

Insights into Land Plant Evolution Garnered from the Marchantia polymorpha Genome.

Author information

1
School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne VIC 3800, Australia. Electronic address: john.bowman@monash.edu.
2
Graduate School of Biostudies, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan. Electronic address: tkohchi@lif.kyoto-u.ac.jp.
3
Faculty of Biology-Oriented Science and Technology, Kindai University, 930 Nishimitani, Kinokawa, Wakayama 649-6493, Japan. Electronic address: kyamato@waka.kindai.ac.jp.
4
Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, CA, USA; HudsonAlpha Institute of Biotechnology, Huntsville, AL, USA.
5
Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, CA, USA.
6
Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501, Japan.
7
Graduate School of Biostudies, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan.
8
National Institute of Genetics, Research Organization of Information and Systems, Yata, Mishima 411-8540, Japan.
9
Gregor Mendel Institute (GMI), Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Dr. Bohr-Gasse 3, 1030 Vienna, Austria.
10
Graduate School of Biological Sciences, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Takayama 8916-5, Ikoma, Nara 630-0192, Japan.
11
Botany Department, University of Osnabrück, Barbarastr. 11, D-49076 Osnabrück, Germany.
12
Universidad Veracruzana, INBIOTECA - Instituto de Biotecnología y Ecología Aplicada, Av. de las Culturas Veracruzanas No.101, Colonia Emiliano Zapata, 91090, Xalapa, Veracruz, México.
13
School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne VIC 3800, Australia.
14
Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EA, United Kingdom.
15
National Laboratory of Genomics for Biodiversity, CINVESTAV-IPN, Km 9.6 Lib. Norte Carr. Irapuato-León, 36821, Irapuato, Guanajuato, México.
16
Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3RB, UK.
17
Department of Plant Sciences, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA.
18
The New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Limited, Private Bag 11-600, Palmerston North, New Zealand.
19
School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne VIC 3800, Australia; Botany Department, University of Osnabrück, Barbarastr. 11, D-49076 Osnabrück, Germany.
20
School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne VIC 3800, Australia; Department of Plant Ecology and Evolution, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvägen 18D, SE-75236 Uppsala, Sweden.
21
Bioinformatics & Scientific Computing, Vienna Biocenter Core Facilities (VBCF), Dr. Bohr-Gasse 3, 1030 Vienna, Austria.
22
Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), UMR232, Université de Montpellier, Montpellier 34394, France.
23
Department of Plant and Microbial Biology and Zurich-Basel Plant Science Center, University of Zurich, 8008 Zürich, Switzerland.
24
Department of Life Sciences, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 153-8902 Japan.
25
School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne VIC 3800, Australia; Institute of Transformative Bio-Molecules (WPI-ITbM), Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan; Department of Life Science, Faculty of Science, Gakushuin University, Tokyo 171-8588, Japan.
26
Institute of Plant Science and Resources, Okayama University, Chuo 2-20-1, Kurashiki, Okayama 710-0046, Japan.
27
Division of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8602, Japan.
28
National Institute for Basic Biology, 38 Nishigounaka, Myodaiji, Okazaki 444-8585, Japan; Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.
29
Department of Integrative Genomics, Tohoku Medical Bank Organization, Tohoku University, Aoba, Sendai 980-8573, Japan.
30
Gregor Mendel Institute (GMI), Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna Biocenter (VBC), Dr. Bohr-Gasse 3, 1030 Vienna, Austria; Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Kentucky, 321 Plant Science Building, 1405 Veterans Dr., Lexington, KY 40546, USA.
31
Institute of Transformative Bio-Molecules (WPI-ITbM), Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan; Department of Life Science, Faculty of Science, Gakushuin University, Tokyo 171-8588, Japan; Division of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8602, Japan.
32
Department of Bioproduction Technology, Junior College of Tokyo University of Agriculture, 1-1-1 Sakuragaoka, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 156-8502, Japan.
33
Graduate School of Life Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577, Japan.
34
Department of Plant Ecology and Evolution, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvägen 18D, SE-75236 Uppsala, Sweden.
35
Institute of Biotechnology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.
36
Instituto de Ecología, AC., Red de Biodiversidad y Sistemática, Xalapa, Veracruz, 91000, México.
37
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 1 Bungtown Road, Cold Spring Harbor, NY, USA.
38
Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Kobe University, Rokkodai, Nada, Kobe 657-8501, Japan.
39
Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan.
40
Department Genética Molecular de Plantas, Centro Nacional de Biotecnologia-CSIC, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid 28049 Madrid. Spain.
41
The School of Plant Sciences, The University of Arizona, Tuscon, AZ, USA.
42
National Institute of Genetics, Research Organization of Information and Systems, Yata, Mishima 411-8540, Japan; Department of Technology Development, Kazusa DNA Research Institute, Kisarazu, Chiba 292-0818, Japan.
43
RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan; Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, 50829 Cologne, Germany.
44
Laboratory of Plant Cell Wall Biology, Graduate School of Life Sciences, Tohoku University, Aoba, Sendai 980-8578, Japan.
45
Department of Biological Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0397, Japan.
46
Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, USA.
47
Graduate school of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, Kurokami 2-39-1, Kumamoto 860-8555, Japan.
48
Department of Computational Biology and Medical Sciences, the University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8562 Japan.
49
Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji 611-0011, Japan.
50
Molekulare Botanik, Universität Ulm, 89069 Ulm, Germany.
51
Graduate School of Science and Engineering and Institute for Environmental Science and Technology, Saitama University, Saitama 338-8570, Japan.
52
National Institute for Basic Biology, 38 Nishigounaka, Myodaiji, Okazaki 444-8585, Japan.
53
RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan.

Abstract

The evolution of land flora transformed the terrestrial environment. Land plants evolved from an ancestral charophycean alga from which they inherited developmental, biochemical, and cell biological attributes. Additional biochemical and physiological adaptations to land, and a life cycle with an alternation between multicellular haploid and diploid generations that facilitated efficient dispersal of desiccation tolerant spores, evolved in the ancestral land plant. We analyzed the genome of the liverwort Marchantia polymorpha, a member of a basal land plant lineage. Relative to charophycean algae, land plant genomes are characterized by genes encoding novel biochemical pathways, new phytohormone signaling pathways (notably auxin), expanded repertoires of signaling pathways, and increased diversity in some transcription factor families. Compared with other sequenced land plants, M. polymorpha exhibits low genetic redundancy in most regulatory pathways, with this portion of its genome resembling that predicted for the ancestral land plant. PAPERCLIP.

KEYWORDS:

Marchantia polymorpha; auxin; charophycean algae; land plant evolution; sex chromosome

PMID:
28985561
DOI:
10.1016/j.cell.2017.09.030
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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