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Peptides. 2017 Oct;96:38-43. doi: 10.1016/j.peptides.2017.09.006. Epub 2017 Sep 7.

Losartan counteracts the effects of cardiomyocyte swelling on glucose uptake and insulin receptor substrate-1 levels.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, P.O. Box 365067, San Juan 00936-5067, Puerto Rico. Electronic address: yamil.gerena@upr.edu.
2
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, P.O. Box 365067, San Juan 00936-5067, Puerto Rico. Electronic address: janice.lozada@upr.edu.
3
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, P.O. Box 365067, San Juan 00936-5067, Puerto Rico. Electronic address: bryan.collazo1@upr.edu.
4
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, P.O. Box 365067, San Juan 00936-5067, Puerto Rico. Electronic address: jaroldmendezmd@gmail.com.
5
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, P.O. Box 365067, San Juan 00936-5067, Puerto Rico. Electronic address: jennifer.mendez6@upr.edu.
6
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, P.O. Box 365067, San Juan 00936-5067, Puerto Rico. Electronic address: walmor.de-mello@upr.edu.

Abstract

A growing body of evidence demonstrates an association between Angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor blockers (ARBs) and enhanced glucose metabolism during ischemic heart disease. Despite these encouraging results, the mechanisms responsible for these effects during ischemia remain poorly understood. In this study we investigated the influence of losartan, an AT1 receptor blocker, and secreted Ang II (sAng II) on glucose uptake and insulin receptor substrate (IRS-1) levels during cardiomyocyte swelling. H9c2 cells were differentiated to cardiac muscle and the levels of myogenin, Myosin Light Chain (MLC), and membrane AT1 receptors were measured using flow cytometry. Intracellular Ang II (iAng II) was overexpressed in differentiated cardiomyocytes and swelling was induced after incubation with hypotonic solution for 40min. Glucose uptake and IRS-1 levels were monitored by flow cytometry using 2-NBDG fluorescent glucose (10μM) or an anti-IRS-1 monoclonal antibody in the presence or absence of losartan (10-7M). Secreted Angiotensin II was quantified from the medium using a specific Ang II-EIA kit. To evaluate the relationship between sAng II and losartan effects on glucose uptake, transfected cells were pretreated with the drug for 24h and then exposed to hypotonic solution in the presence or absence of the secreted peptide. The results indicate that: (1) swelling of transfected cardiomyocytes decreased glucose uptake and induced the secretion of Ang II to the extracellular medium; (2) losartan antagonized the effects of swelling on glucose uptake and IRS-1 levels in transfected cardiomyocytes; (3) the effects of losartan on glucose uptake were observed during swelling only in the presence of sAng II in the culture medium. Our study demonstrates that both losartan and sAng II have essential roles in glucose metabolism during cardiomyocyte swelling.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiomyocytes swelling; Glucose uptake; Insulin receptor substrate-1; Losartan; Secreted Angiotensin II

PMID:
28889965
PMCID:
PMC5618797
DOI:
10.1016/j.peptides.2017.09.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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