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Breast Cancer Res. 2017 Aug 18;19(1):95. doi: 10.1186/s13058-017-0890-x.

Calmodulin-like protein 3 is an estrogen receptor alpha coregulator for gene expression and drug response in a SNP, estrogen, and SERM-dependent fashion.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
2
Department of Medical Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
3
Section of Cancer Genetics and Prevention, Allegheny Health Network Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
4
National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NRG Oncology), Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
5
Laboratory for Genotyping Development, Center for Genomic Medicine, RIKEN, Yokohama, Japan.
6
Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. Wang.Liewei@mayo.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We previously performed a case-control genome-wide association study in women treated with selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) for breast cancer prevention and identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in ZNF423 as potential biomarkers for response to SERM therapy. The ZNF423rs9940645 SNP, which is approximately 200 bp away from the estrogen response elements, resulted in the SNP, estrogen, and SERM-dependent regulation of ZNF423 expression and, "downstream", that of BRCA1.

METHODS:

Electrophoretic mobility shift assay-mass spectrometry was performed to identify proteins binding to the ZNF423 SNP and coordinating with estrogen receptor alpha (ERα). Clustered, regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9 genome editing was applied to generate ZR75-1 breast cancer cells with different ZNF423 SNP genotypes. Both cultured cells and mouse xenograft models with different ZNF423 SNP genotypes were used to study the cellular responses to SERMs and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors.

RESULTS:

We identified calmodulin-like protein 3 (CALML3) as a key sensor of this SNP and a coregulator of ERα, which contributes to differential gene transcription regulation in an estrogen and SERM-dependent fashion. Furthermore, using CRISPR/Cas9-engineered ZR75-1 breast cancer cells with different ZNF423 SNP genotypes, striking differences in cellular responses to SERMs and PARP inhibitors, alone or in combination, were observed not only in cells but also in a mouse xenograft model.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results have demonstrated the mechanism by which the ZNF423 rs9940645 SNP might regulate gene expression and drug response as well as its potential role in achieving more highly individualized breast cancer therapy.

KEYWORDS:

ERα coregulator; Estrogen; Selective estrogen receptor modulator treatment; Single nucleotide polymorphism

PMID:
28821270
PMCID:
PMC5562991
DOI:
10.1186/s13058-017-0890-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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